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Globalisation and Technological Convergence in the EU

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  • Camilla Mastromarco

    (Università di Bari)

  • Laura Serlenga

    (University of Bari and IZA)

  • Yongcheol Shin

    (University of York)

Abstract

We employ a two-step approach in investigating the dynamic transmission chan- nels under which globalization factors foster technical efficiency by combining a dynamic efficiency analysis in the stochastic frontier framework, and a time series approach based on VAR and spectral analysis. Using the dataset of the 18 EU countries over 1970-2004, we find that both import and FDI are significant factors in spreading efficiency externalities and thus accelerating technology catch-up in the EU. In particular, the impacts of the import are more prominent in the short-run while those of FDI play a more important role over the longer-run. Furthermore, the impacts of the import are pro-cyclical only in the short-run whereas those of FDI are pro-cyclical mostly over the medium- to the long-run. This evidence is broadly consistent with the sample observation that the recent slowdown of the EU productivity has been closely related to the corresponding FDI decline espe- cially after 2000. Hence, any protection-oriented policy will be likely to be more detrimental for the EU.

Suggested Citation

  • Camilla Mastromarco & Laura Serlenga & Yongcheol Shin, 2012. "Globalisation and Technological Convergence in the EU," SERIES 0041, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza - Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", revised Mar 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:bai:series:economia-series41
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cem Ertur & Antonio Musolesi, 2017. "Weak and Strong Cross‐Sectional Dependence: A Panel Data Analysis of International Technology Diffusion," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(3), pages 477-503, April.
    2. Cem Ertur & Antonio Musolesi, 2014. "Dépendance individuelle forte et faible : une analyse en données de panel de la diffusion internationale de la technologie," Working Papers halshs-01015208, HAL.
    3. repec:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:8:p:1538-1552 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Sudeshna Ghosh Banerjee & Elisa Portale, 2014. "Tracking Access to Electricity," World Bank Other Operational Studies 18413, The World Bank.
    5. repec:eee:ecmode:v:69:y:2018:i:c:p:134-149 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Lee, Chi-Chuan & Huang, Tai-Hsin, 2017. "Cost efficiency and technological gap in Western European banks: A stochastic metafrontier analysis," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 161-178.
    7. Cern Ertur & Antonio Musolesi, 2012. "Spatial autoregressive spillovers vs unobserved common factors models. A panel data analysis of international technology diffusion," INRA UMR CESAER Working Papers 2012/9, INRA UMR CESAER, Centre d'’Economie et Sociologie appliquées à l'’Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux.
    8. Efthymios G. Tsionas & Panayotis G. Michaelides, 2016. "A Spatial Stochastic Frontier Model with Spillovers: Evidence for Italian Regions," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 63(3), pages 243-257, July.
    9. Camilla Mastromarco & Laura Serlenga & Yongcheol Shin, 2012. "Is Globalization Driving Efficiency? A Threshold Stochastic Frontier Panel Data Modeling Approach," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(3), pages 563-579, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Stochastic Frontier in Heterogeneous Panels; Time-Varying Efficiency; Globalisation Factors; Unobserved Factors; Spectral and Impulse Response Analyses;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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