Banks, Liquidity Management and Monetary Policy
We develop a new framework to study the implementation of monetary policy through the banking system. Banks finance illiquid loans by issuing deposits. Deposit transfers across banks must be settled using central bank reserves. Transfers are random and therefore create liquidity risk, which in turn determines the supply of credit and the money multiplier. We study how different shocks to the banking system and monetary policy affect the economy by altering the trade-off between profiting from lending and incurring greater liquidity risk. We calibrate our model to study quantitatively why banks have recently increased their reserve holdings but have not expanded lending despite policy efforts. Our analysis underscores an important role of disruptions in interbank markets, followed by a persistent credit demand shock.
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- Saki Bigio, 2015.
"Endogenous Liquidity and the Business Cycle,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 105(6), pages 1883-1927, June.
- New York University & Saki Bigio, 2010. "Endogenous Liquidity and the Business Cycle," 2010 Meeting Papers 672, Society for Economic Dynamics.
- Saki Bigio, 2014. "Endogenous Liquidity and the Business Cycle," Working Papers 2014-24, Peruvian Economic Association.
- Smets, Frank & Collard, Fabrice & Boissay, Frédéric, 2013. "Booms and systemic banking crises," Working Paper Series 1514, European Central Bank.
- Armantier, Olivier & Ghysels, Eric & Sarkar, Asani & Shrader, Jeffrey, 2011. "Discount window stigma during the 2007-2008 financial crisis," Staff Reports 483, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, revised 01 Aug 2015. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)