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Motives for Mergers in Food Manufacturing

  • Cotterill, Ronald W.
  • Pinkerton, Don C.
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    This paper reviews theories that identify motives for mergers, reviews recent empirical research, specifies a model that incorporates alternative motives, and tests the model with data from food manufacturing mergers between 1979 and 1986. Results suggest that capital markets are not efficient, and that mergers are not to redress agency problems. Acquirers paid higher premiums for target firms that have recently had low profitability, and paid higher premiums when the stock market was low. The model explains at best 30 percent of the variation in premiums, suggesting that major explanations for mergers remain as yet unidentified.

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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116111
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    Paper provided by Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance in its series Working Papers with number 116111.

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    Date of creation: Jun 1993
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ags:rpspwp:116111
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Draper Hall, College of Food and Natural Resources, Amherst, MA 01003
    Web page: http://www.umass.edu/ne165/
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    1. Roberts, Tanya, 1987. "Salmonellosis Control: Estimated Economic Benefits," Working Papers 115797, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    2. Lopez, Rigoberto A., 1988. "Political Economy of the United States Sugar Policies," Working Papers 115808, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    3. Lee, David R., 1987. "Labor Market Dynamics in the U.S. Food Sector," Working Papers 115799, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    4. Azzam, Azzeddine M. & Pagoulatos, Emilio & Schroeter, John R., 1988. "Agricultural Price Spreads And Market Performance," Working Papers 115900, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    5. Everett B. Peterson & Paul V. Preckel & Thomas W. Hertel & Anya M. McGuirk, 1992. "Impacts of growth stimulants in the domestic livestock sector," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(4), pages 287-307.
    6. Steahr, Thomas E. & McMullin, Pamela, 1991. "An Interdisciplinary Framework For The Analysis Of Foodborne Disease," Working Papers 116100, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    7. Lopez, Rigoberto A. & Dorsainvil, Daniel, 1988. "The Degree and Sources of Oligopsony Power: An Application to the Haitian Coffee Market," Working Papers 115901, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    8. Hopkins, Yvette S. & Connor, John M., 1992. "A Re-Examination Of Event Studies Applied To Challenged Horizontal Mergers," Working Papers 116105, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    9. Connor, John M. & Peterson, Everett B., 1991. "Market-Structure Determinants Of National Brand-Private Label Price Differences Of Manufactured Food Products," Working Papers 116099, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    10. Zellner, James A., 1987. "Some Causes And Consequences Of Food Industry Conduct: A Simultaneous Analysis," Working Papers 115805, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    11. Manalo, Alberto B., 1989. "Benefits Sought by Apple Consumers," Working Papers 115908, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    12. Cotterill, Ronald W. & Haller, Lawrence E., 1988. "Entry Barriers, The Queue Of Potential Entrants, And Entry Into Food Retailing Markets," Working Papers 115903, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    13. Williams, Richard A. & Brown, Robert N., 1991. "Health And Safety Regulation Of Small, High-Risk Subpopulations," Working Papers 115914, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    14. Loehman, Edna T., 1991. "Alternative Measures of Benefit for Nonmarket Goods Which are Substitutes or Complements for Market Goods," Working Papers 115913, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    15. Julie A. Caswell & Ronald W. Cotterill, 1988. "Two new theoretical approaches to measuring industry and firm performance," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 4(6), pages 511-520.
    16. Caswell, Julie A. & Cotterill, Ronald W., 1988. "New Theoretical Approaches To Measuring Industry Performance," Working Papers 115806, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    17. McLaughlin, Edward W. & Rao, Vithala R., 1988. "The Strategic Role of Supermarket Buyer Intermediaries in New Product Selection: Implications for Systemwide Efficiency," Working Papers 115905, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    18. McLaughlin, Edward W., 1991. "NE-165 Case Study: The Fresh Company," Working Papers 116098, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    19. Azzam, Azzeddine M. & Pagoulatos, Emilio, 1989. "Testing for Oligopoly and Oligopsony Power," Working Papers 115906, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    20. Smith, Mark E. & van Ravenswaay, Eileen O. & Thompson, Stanley R., 1987. "Sales Loss Determination in Food Contamination Incidents: An Application to Milk Bans in Hawaii," Working Papers 115803, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    21. Johnson, D. Gale & Connor, John M. & Josling, Timothy E. & Schmitz, Andrew & Schuh, G. Edward, 1989. "Concentration Issues In The U.S. Beef Subsector," Working Papers 115907, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
    22. Caswell, Julie A., 1988. "An Alternative Measure Of Aggregate Concentration With An Application To The Agribusiness Sector," Working Papers 115904, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
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