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Price Promotions and Brand Loyalty: Empirical Evidence for the German Breakfast Cereals Market

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  • Empen, Janine
  • Loy, Jens-Peter
  • Weiss, Christoph R.

Abstract

Price promotions are important marketing activities for (food) retailers; brand loyalty is a major requisite to foster brands' assets. Several theoretical papers have analyzed the relationship between price promotions and brand loyalty resulting in mixed or perhaps contradictory outcomes; only a few empirical studies for (European) grocery markets are available to test which model(s) might be most relevant to reflect pricing strategies in food retailing. In this analysis, two detailed data sets for the German ready-to-eat breakfast cereals market are merged to investigate the relationship between price promotions and brand loyalty. We find significant empirical evidence that stronger brands tend to be promoted less frequently at lower discounts compared to weaker brands. The reason might be that price reductions are more costly for brands having loyal customers who are willing to accept higher mark-ups. Therefore stronger brands might need to come up with alternative measures to recruit new customers instead of offering attractive promotional sales.

Suggested Citation

  • Empen, Janine & Loy, Jens-Peter & Weiss, Christoph R., 2011. "Price Promotions and Brand Loyalty: Empirical Evidence for the German Breakfast Cereals Market," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114341, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae11:114341
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114341
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Talip Kilic & Calogero Carletto & Juna Miluka & Sara Savastano, 2009. "Rural nonfarm income and its impact on agriculture: evidence from Albania," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 40(2), pages 139-160, March.
    2. Allender, William J. & Richards, Timothy J., 2009. "Measures of Brand Loyalty," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49536, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    3. Huang Rui & Perloff Jeffrey M & Villas-Boas Sofia B, 2006. "Effects of Sales on Brand Loyalty," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 4(1), pages 1-26, July.
    4. Berck, Peter & Brown, Jennifer & Perloff, Jeffrey M. & Villas-Boas, Sofia Berto, 2008. "Sales: Tests of theories on causality and timing," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 1257-1273, November.
    5. repec:cdl:agrebk:135635 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Liran Einav & Ephraim Leibtag & Aviv Nevo, 2010. "Recording discrepancies in Nielsen Homescan data: Are they present and do they matter?," Quantitative Marketing and Economics (QME), Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 207-239, June.
    7. Bing Jing & Zhong Wen, 2008. "Finitely Loyal Customers, Switchers, and Equilibrium Price Promotion," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(3), pages 683-707, September.
    8. Huang Rui & Perloff Jeffrey M & Villas-Boas Sofia B, 2006. "Effects of Sales on Brand Loyalty," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 4(1), pages 1-26, July.
    9. Wettstein, Nadine & Brosig, Stephan & Glauben, Thomas & Hanf, Jon Henrich & Loy, Jens-Peter, 2009. "Do Private Labels Generate Loyalty? Empirical Evidence for German Frozen Pizza," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA), vol. 12(4).
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:joreco:v:36:y:2017:i:c:p:39-52 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Ebbing, Alexandra, 2012. "Verkaufsförderung Im Lebensmitteleinzelhandel: Empirische Analyse Im Raum Giessen," 52nd Annual Conference, Stuttgart, Germany, September 26-28, 2012 137145, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Price Promotion; Brand Loyalty; Food Retailing; Ready-to-Eat Cereals; Germany; Instruments; Tobit; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety;

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