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An economic and legal assessment of the EU food industry's competitiveness

Listed author(s):
  • Jo H.M. Wijnands

    (Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI), 2502 LS The Hague, The Netherlands)

  • Harry J. Bremmers

    (Wageningen University, Management Studies, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands)

  • Bernd M.J. van der Meulen

    (Wageningen University, Food Law, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands)

  • Krijn J. Poppe

    (Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI), 2502 LS The Hague, The Netherlands)

Registered author(s):

    The objective of this article is to assess the competitiveness of the European food industry from an economic and legal perspective. Knowledge of its present competitiveness and improvement opportunities are lacking. To close this knowledge gap, we measured the competitiveness of eight subsectors, benchmarked them with four leading world economies, assessed the effect of differences in legal requirements, and predicted future developments using scenario analysis. International economics indicators supplemented with data on legal issues from a survey conducted by leading experts were used to measure competitiveness. The results show that the EU food industry's competitiveness is weak. The legal system was positively evaluated compared to the U.S. system, but major improvements are possible. The recommendations are to improve economies of scale, economies of scope, ICT-based supply chain management, and exploit cultural differences through innovation, within a more flexible and streamlined legal framework. [Econlit. Citations:F14, L66; Q13]. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Agribusiness.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 417-439

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:24:y:2008:i:4:p:417-439
    DOI: 10.1002/agr.20167
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    1. van Berkum, Siemen & van Meijl, Hans, 2000. "The application of trade and growth theories to agriculture: a survey," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 44(4), December.
    2. Richard J. Sexton & Mingxia Zhang, 2001. "An assessment of the impact of food industry market power on U.S. consumers," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(1), pages 59-79.
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