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An economic and legal assessment of the EU food industry's competitiveness

Author

Listed:
  • Jo H.M. Wijnands

    (Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI), 2502 LS The Hague, The Netherlands)

  • Harry J. Bremmers

    (Wageningen University, Management Studies, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands)

  • Bernd M.J. van der Meulen

    (Wageningen University, Food Law, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands)

  • Krijn J. Poppe

    (Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI), 2502 LS The Hague, The Netherlands)

Abstract

The objective of this article is to assess the competitiveness of the European food industry from an economic and legal perspective. Knowledge of its present competitiveness and improvement opportunities are lacking. To close this knowledge gap, we measured the competitiveness of eight subsectors, benchmarked them with four leading world economies, assessed the effect of differences in legal requirements, and predicted future developments using scenario analysis. International economics indicators supplemented with data on legal issues from a survey conducted by leading experts were used to measure competitiveness. The results show that the EU food industry's competitiveness is weak. The legal system was positively evaluated compared to the U.S. system, but major improvements are possible. The recommendations are to improve economies of scale, economies of scope, ICT-based supply chain management, and exploit cultural differences through innovation, within a more flexible and streamlined legal framework. [Econlit. Citations:F14, L66; Q13]. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Suggested Citation

  • Jo H.M. Wijnands & Harry J. Bremmers & Bernd M.J. van der Meulen & Krijn J. Poppe, 2008. "An economic and legal assessment of the EU food industry's competitiveness," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(4), pages 417-439.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:24:y:2008:i:4:p:417-439
    DOI: 10.1002/agr.20167
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Richard J. Sexton & Mingxia Zhang, 2001. "An assessment of the impact of food industry market power on U.S. consumers," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(1), pages 59-79.
    2. van Berkum, Siemen & van Meijl, Hans, 2000. "The application of trade and growth theories to agriculture: a survey," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 44(4), December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jo H.M. Wijnands & Harry J. Bremmers & Bernd M.J. van der Meulen & Krijn J. Poppe, 2011. "Food Legislation and Competitiveness in the EU Food Industry," Chapters,in: Institutions and Regulation for Economic Growth?, chapter 5 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Mezera, Josef & Spicka, Jindrich, 2013. "Economic Effects of Investment Support of Adding Value to Food Products," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 5(1), March.
    3. repec:wly:agribz:v:33:y:2017:i:4:p:505-521 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:ksa:szemle:1736 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Carraresi, Laura & Banterle, Alessandro, 2015. "Agri-food Competitive Performance in EU Countries: A Fifteen-Year Retrospective," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA), vol. 18(2).
    6. Carraresi, Laura & Mamaqi, Xhevrie & Albisu, Luis Miguel & Banterle, Alessandro, 2012. "Strategic Capabilities and Performance: An Application of Resource-Based View in Italian Food SMEs," 2012 International European Forum, February 13-17, 2012, Innsbruck-Igls, Austria 144955, International European Forum on Innovation and System Dynamics in Food Networks.
    7. repec:eur:ejserj:77 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Magdalena Kapelko, 2017. "Dynamic versus static inefficiency assessment of the Polish meat‐processing industry in the aftermath of the European Union integration and financial crisis," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 33(4), pages 505-521, September.

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