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Do CO2 emission levels converge among 21 OECD countries? New evidence from unit root structural break tests

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  • Chien-Chiang Lee
  • Chun-Ping Chang
  • Pei-Fen Chen

Abstract

This study empirically re-investigated whether carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions series were stationary in 21 OECD countries during the 1960-2000 period. A suite of test statistics were employed, proposed by Sen (2003), with a model that simultaneously allows for a break within the context of Perron's (1989) mixed intercept and slope (Model C). The distinction between this study and previous ones lies in its control for breaks. Compared with the results from traditional unit root tests, the empirical findings provide further evidence that relative per capita CO2 emissions were stationary and were stochastically converging. In addition, structural breaks are identified in each country, and some important policy implications emerge from the results.

Suggested Citation

  • Chien-Chiang Lee & Chun-Ping Chang & Pei-Fen Chen, 2008. "Do CO2 emission levels converge among 21 OECD countries? New evidence from unit root structural break tests," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(7), pages 551-556.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:15:y:2008:i:7:p:551-556
    DOI: 10.1080/13504850500426236
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Chris Murray & Eric Zivot, 1998. "Inference on Unit Roots and Trend Breaks in Macroeconomic Time Series," Working Papers UWEC-2005-04, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Lee, Jun-De, 2009. "Income and CO2 emissions: Evidence from panel unit root and cointegration tests," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 413-423, February.
    2. Barra, Cristian & Zotti, Roberto, 2016. "Investigating the impact of national income on environmental pollution. International evidence," MPRA Paper 74149, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. repec:eee:rensus:v:75:y:2017:i:c:p:86-97 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Tiwari, Aviral Kumar & Kyophilavong, Phouphet & Albulescu, Claudiu Tiberiu, 2016. "Testing the stationarity of CO2 emissions series in Sub-Saharan African countries by incorporating nonlinearity and smooth breaks," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 527-540.
    5. repec:eee:eneeco:v:63:y:2017:i:c:p:365-372 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Nilgun Yavuz & Veli Yilanci, 2013. "Convergence in Per Capita Carbon Dioxide Emissions Among G7 Countries: A TAR Panel Unit Root Approach," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 54(2), pages 283-291, February.
    7. Mariam Camarero & Yurena Mendoza & Javier Ordóñez, 2011. "Re-examining CO2 emissions. Is the assessment of convergence meaningless?," Working Papers 2011/06, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
    8. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Chang, Chun-Ping, 2009. "Stochastic convergence of per capita carbon dioxide emissions and multiple structural breaks in OECD countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 1375-1381, November.
    9. Fernández-Amador, Octavio & Oberdabernig, Doris & Tomberger, Patrick, 2017. "Testing for Convergence in Carbon Dioxide Emissions using a Bayesian Robust Structural Model," Papers 1101, World Trade Institute.

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