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Deciphering the Relationship Between Internal Migration and Regional Disparities in Tunisia

Author

Listed:
  • Mohamed Amara

    (University of Tunis)

  • Hatem Jemmali

    (University of Sousse)

Abstract

This study analyses the key factors that shape inter-governorates migration in Tunisia, focusing mainly on the role of demographic, geographical and socio-economic factors in driving migration flows. It uses basic and extended gravity models, as well as Poisson pseudo-maximum-likelihood model for modeling migration data to assess the relative importance of distance, job market characteristics and economic variables. The main findings reveal that inter-governorate migrations in Tunisia are affected by high population size at the origin and destination locations, high unemployment rate at the origin and low unemployment rate at the destination. The results suggest also that migration flows are negatively affected by high job vacancies and the annual average per capita household expenditure at the origin.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed Amara & Hatem Jemmali, 2018. "Deciphering the Relationship Between Internal Migration and Regional Disparities in Tunisia," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 135(1), pages 313-331, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:135:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-016-1487-y
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-016-1487-y
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    Cited by:

    1. Mohamed Amara & Mohamed Ayadi & Hatem Jemmali, 2019. "Rural–urban migration and income disparity in Tunisia: A decomposition analysis," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 98(2), pages 1053-1083, April.
    2. Qingsheng Yang & Hongxian Zhang & Kevin M Mwenda, 2019. "County-Scale Destination Migration Attractivity Measurement and Determinants Analysis: A Case Study of Guangdong Province, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(2), pages 1-19, January.
    3. Vladimir Hlasny & Shireen AlAzzawi, 2020. "Return Migration and Earnings Mobility in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia," Working Papers 562, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

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