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Solution to the Dilemma of the Migrant Labor Shortage and the Rural Labor Surplus in China

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  • Guifu Chen
  • Shigeyuki Hamori

Abstract

Since 2003, China's labor market has been facing two coexisting crises: a rural labor surplus and a severe shortage of migrant labor. Using data from the 2000 China Health and Nutrition Survey questionnaire, which covers 288 villages in 36 counties, this paper attempts to find a solution to this dilemma. Specifically, a multinomial logit model, a Mincer-type model and a probit model are applied to examine the effect of educational level on the employment choices for rural laborers, and on the wages and the employment status of migrants. Based on the results of our analysis, we propose the implementation of policy aimed at increasing the educational level of rural dwellers, in conjunction with other policies to eliminate all artificial barriers, to facilitate the migration of rural laborers. Copyright (c) 2009 The Authors Journal compilation (c) 2009 Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Suggested Citation

  • Guifu Chen & Shigeyuki Hamori, 2009. "Solution to the Dilemma of the Migrant Labor Shortage and the Rural Labor Surplus in China," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 17(4), pages 53-71.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:chinae:v:17:y:2009:i:4:p:53-71
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:chieco:v:46:y:2017:i:c:p:249-260 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Huasheng Zhu & Junwei Feng & Maojun Wang & Fan Xu, 2017. "Sustaining Regional Advantages in Manufacturing: Skill Accumulation of Rural–Urban Migrant Workers in the Coastal Area of China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-23, January.
    3. Knight, John & Deng, Quheng & Li, Shi, 2011. "The puzzle of migrant labour shortage and rural labour surplus in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 585-600.
    4. Lijian Qin & Zhen Wang, 2015. "Impact of Health Status and Related Factors on Labor Market Positions of Urban Mature Chinese," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 224-231, June.
    5. Zhu, Hongfei & He, Lixin & Yuan, Tangjun, 2012. "Could Education Retain Farmers in the Local Area?," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 53(1), pages 39-47, June.

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