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Ethnic diversity and well-being

Author

Listed:
  • Alpaslan Akay

    (University of Gothenburg)

  • Amelie Constant

    (Princeton University)

  • Corrado Giulietti

    (University of Southampton)

  • Martin Guzi

    (Masaryk University)

Abstract

This paper investigates how ethnic diversity, measured by immigrants’ nationalities, influences the well-being of the host country. Using panel data from Germany from 1998 to 2012, we find a positive effect of ethnic diversity on the well-being of German natives. Our finding is robust to alternative definitions of ethnic diversity and to the non-random selection of natives and immigrants into regions. The positive effect of ethnic diversity is stronger for immigrant groups that are culturally and economically closer to Germany. Consistent with this result, we document the existence of two mechanisms explaining the influence of ethnic diversity on well-being: productivity—as captured by immigrants’ skills and assimilation—and social capital—particularly in relation to the creation of a multicultural environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Alpaslan Akay & Amelie Constant & Corrado Giulietti & Martin Guzi, 2017. "Ethnic diversity and well-being," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 30(1), pages 265-306, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:30:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s00148-016-0618-8
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-016-0618-8
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    11. Awaworyi Churchill, Sefa, 2020. "Ethnic diversity and transport poverty," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 297-309.
    12. O'Connor, Kelsey J., 2020. "The effect of immigration on natives’ well-being in the European Union," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 180(C), pages 257-274.
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    14. Höckel, Lisa Sofie, 2018. "Collectivism in the labor market: Evidence from second generation immigrants in the United States," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 1347-1369.
    15. Howley, P.; & Moro, M.; & Waqas, M.; & Delaney, L.; & Heron, T.;, 2018. "Immigration and self-reported well-being in the UK," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 18/12, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
    16. Lonsky, Jakub, 2020. "Does Immigration Decrease Far-Right Popularity? Evidence from Finnish Municipalities," GLO Discussion Paper Series 540, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    17. Peter Howley & Muhammad Waqas & Mirko Moro & Liam Delaney & Tony Heron, 2020. "It’s Not All about the Economy Stupid! Immigration and Subjective Well-Being in England," Work, Employment & Society, British Sociological Association, vol. 34(5), pages 919-936, October.
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    19. Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2018. "Social Cohesion and Labor Mobility," GLO Discussion Paper Series 249, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
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    21. Blanchflower, David G. & Graham, Carol L., 2021. "The Mid-Life Dip in Well-Being: A Critique," GLO Discussion Paper Series 923, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    22. María Delgado Gómez-Flors & Maite Alguacil, 2018. "The Impact of Immigrant Diversity on Wages. The Spanish Experience," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-29, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ethnic diversity; Subjective well-being; Assimilation; Multiculturality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C90 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - General
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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