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Immobilienpreise und Immobilienzyklen und die Rolle von Angebotsbeschränkungen
[The impact of local supply constraints on house prices and price dynamics]

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  • Christian A. L. Hilber

    (London School of Economics)

Abstract

Zusammenfassung Dieser Artikel untersucht die Auswirkungen von Angebotsbeschränkungen auf die Wachstumsrate und Zyklizität von Immobilienpreisen. Einfache Überlegungen zum Zusammenspiel von Angebot und Nachfrage lassen vermuten, dass Immobilienpreise dort stärker auf lokale Nachfrageschocks reagieren, wo es stärkere Bodennutzungsregulierungen und geografische Barrieren zur Erschließung und Bebauung von Flächen gibt, d. h. wo das Wohnimmobilienangebot preisunelastischer ist. Diese Vermutung wird durch die empirische Evidenz gestützt. Lokale Bodennutzungsregulierungen sind ein besonders entscheidender Faktor, welcher nicht nur lokale Unterschiede im Preiswachstum, sondern auch in der Preiszyklizität erklärt. Allerdings können sich starke Immobilienpreisaufschwünge auch in Standorten etwickeln, in denen die Bautätigkeit langfristig kaum eingeschränkt ist. Ein typisches Merkmal solcher Zyklen ist, dass der Preisverfall aufgrund erheblicher Überkapazitäten tendenziell ausgeprägter ist, als der Anstieg während der vorherigen Boomphase, so dass Immobilienpreise nach dem Preisverfall häufig niedriger sind als vor Beginn des Booms. Die Kurzsichtigkeit von Erschließungsunternehmen und Kreditgebern in Verknüpfung mit kurzfristigen Angebotsrigiditäten oder irrationale Übertreibungen (Euphorie unter Investoren) sind zwei plausible Erklärungen für dieses Phänomen.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian A. L. Hilber, 2019. "Immobilienpreise und Immobilienzyklen und die Rolle von Angebotsbeschränkungen [The impact of local supply constraints on house prices and price dynamics]," Zeitschrift für Immobilienökonomie (German Journal of Real Estate Research), Springer;Gesellschaft für Immobilienwirtschaftliche Forschung e. V., vol. 5(1), pages 37-65, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:gjorer:v:5:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1365_s41056-019-00033-0
    DOI: 10.1365/s41056-019-00033-0
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