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Is Income Inequality Harmful for Regional Growth? Evidence from the European Union


  • Roberto Ezcurra

    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Campus de Arrosadia s/n, 31006 Pamplona, Spain,


This article examines the relationship between income inequality and economic growth in the regions of several European Union countries over the period 1993—2002, using the information provided by the European Community Household Panel. Taking into consideration the relevance of spatial effects in this context, different versions of a spatial econometric model are estimated. The results indicate that the degree of income dispersion is negatively associated with regional growth. This finding is in fact robust to various alternative specifications including a number of additional explanatory variables, such as initial per capita GDP, the sectoral composition of economic activity, human capital stock, population density and market potential. Furthermore, the observed negative correlation between income inequality and economic performance does not depend on the specific measure used to quantify the degree of income dispersion.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Ezcurra, 2007. "Is Income Inequality Harmful for Regional Growth? Evidence from the European Union," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 44(10), pages 1953-1971, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:44:y:2007:i:10:p:1953-1971

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Vassilis Tselios, 2009. "Education And Income Inequality In The Regions Of The European Union," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(3), pages 411-437.
    2. Young-Bae Kim, 2008. "Is There A Trade-off Between Regional Growth and National Income? Theory and Evidence from the EU," School of Economics Discussion Papers 1008, School of Economics, University of Surrey.
    3. Nathalie Scholl & Stephan Klasen, 2016. "Re-estimating the Relationship between Inequality and Growth," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 205, Courant Research Centre PEG.

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