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Regional Specialization in the European Union

  • Roberto Ezcurra
  • Pedro Pascual
  • Manuel Rapun

Ezcurra R., Pascual P. and Rapun M. (2006) Regional specialization in the European Union, Regional Studies 40, 601-616. This paper examines productive specialization in the regions of the European Union between 1977 and 1999 using the information provided by a set of methodological instruments that allow one to overcome several of the limitations of the conventional approach used in this type of analysis. The results obtained reveal a process of convergence in regional productive structures during the 23 years considered. This is due to the behaviour of regions with high levels of specialization at the start of the period whose productive structures have tended to shift towards the European average over time. The analysis carried out also shows the major role played by regional size, market access and geographical location in explaining specialization in the European context. Ezcurra R., Pascual P. et Rapun M. (2006) La specialisation regionale dans l'Union europeenne, Regional Studies 40, 601-616. A partir des informations fournies par un ensemble d'outils methodologiques qui permettent de surmonter plusieurs des limitations de l'approche conventionnelle employee pour ce type d'analyse, cet article cherche a examiner la specialisation productive dans les regions de l'Union europeenne entre 1977 et 1999. Les resultats ainsi obtenus laissent voir un processus de convergence des structures productives regionales pendant les vingt-trois annees en question. Cela s'explique par le comportement des regions a haute intensite de specialisation au debut de la periode et dont les structures productives ont eu tendance a approcher de la moyenne europeenne sur le temps. L'analyse montre aussi le role primordial de la taille de la region, de l'acces au marche et de la localisation geographique comme moyens d'expliquer la specialisation dans le contexte europeen. Specialisation Activite economqiue Regions Union europeenne Ezcurra R., Pascual P. und Rapun M. (2006) Regionale Spezialisierung in der europaischen Union, Regional Studies 40, 601-616. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht Produktspezialisierung in den Regionen der Europaischen Union im Zeitraum von1977 bis 1999, wobei Informationen von einer Reihe methodologischer Instrumente benutzt werden, die es den Autoren gestatten, einige der Begrenzungen des konventionellen Ansatzes zu uberwinden, die zu dieser Art Analyse verwendet werden. Die so erhaltenen Ergebnisse erhellen einen Vorgang der Konvergenz regionaler Produktionsstrukturen, der sich uber die hier untersuchten dreiundzwanzig Jahre hinzieht. Dies ist dem Verhalten von Regionen hochgradiger Spezialisierung zu Beginn der Untersuchungsperiode zuzuschreiben, deren Produktionsstrukturen dazu neigten, sich im Laufe der Zeit dem europaischen Durchschnitt anzupassen. Die hier durchgefuhrte Analyse zeigt auch die betrachtliche Rolle, welche die Grosse einer Region, Zugang zum Markt und geographischer Standort bei der Erklarung der Spezialisierung im europaischen Zusammenhang spielt. Spezialisierung Wirtschaftliche Aktivitat Regionen Europaische Union Ezcurra R., Pascual P. y Rapun M. (2006) Especializacion regional en la Union Europea, Regional Studies 40, 601-616. En este articulo analizamos la especializacion productiva en las regiones de la Union Europea durante el periodo de 1977 a 1999 con ayuda de informacion recabada mediante una serie de instrumentos metodologicos con los que hemos podido superar algunas limitaciones de los enfoques convencionales que normalmente se utilizan en este tipo de analisis. Los resultados obtenidos indican un proceso de convergencia en las estructuras productivas de las regiones durante el periodo estudiado que abarca veintitres anos. Esto se debe al comportamiento de las regiones con altos niveles de especializacion al principio del periodo, donde las estructuras productivas tienden a cambiar hacia la media europea con el paso del tiempo. Con este analisis tambien demostramos el papel principal que desempenan el tamano regional, el acceso al mercado y la localizacion geografica geografica a la hora de explicar la especializacion en un contexto europeo. Especializacion Actividad economica Regiones Union Europea

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 601-616

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:6:p:601-616
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