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Impact of tourism development on inclusive growth: A panel vector autoregression analysis for African economies


  • Oluwatosin Adeniyi
  • Terver T Kumeka
  • Samuel Orekoya
  • Wasiu Adekunle


The persistent debate among policy makers and academics around combating the high rates of poverty and income inequality can be further illuminated by understanding how tourism contributes to inclusive growth, especially in developing economies. Tourism sector can be regarded as one of the key contributors to inclusive growth and where it has the capacity to generate prospects for productive employment. The goal of this article is thus to investigate the link between inclusive growth and tourism in the African context. To do this, we utilized a recent panel vector autoregression (pVAR) and data for 45 African countries spanning the period 1995 to 2019. Thus, by the error variance decomposition and impulse response functions, our results showed a weak positive effect of international tourism arrivals and the composite tourism indicator on inclusive growth, while tourism receipts and tourism expenditure insignificantly decreases inclusive growth in the sampled African economies. Our result is further supported by the panel system generalized method of moments (GMM). We provide some policy implications from our findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Oluwatosin Adeniyi & Terver T Kumeka & Samuel Orekoya & Wasiu Adekunle, 2023. "Impact of tourism development on inclusive growth: A panel vector autoregression analysis for African economies," Tourism Economics, , vol. 29(3), pages 612-642, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:toueco:v:29:y:2023:i:3:p:612-642
    DOI: 10.1177/13548166211061154

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    1. Rui Yang & Xin An & Yingwen Chen & Xiuli Yang, 2023. "The Knowledge Analysis of Panel Vector Autoregression: A Systematic Review," SAGE Open, , vol. 13(4), pages 21582440231, December.

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