IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Effects of Environmental Policy and the Perception of Electric Motorcycles on the Acceptance of Electric Motorcycles: An Empirical Study in Macau


  • Yide Liu
  • Ivan Ka Wai Lai


Air pollution is a serious environmental issue across the world and has drawn attention from researchers with different backgrounds. The carbon exhaust from gasoline vehicles is one cause of air pollution. One solution for reducing carbon emissions is to provide green vehicles, such as electric motorcycles, for drivers and passengers, which can help the sustainable development of the environment in an ecological way. This research discusses the market response to electric motorcycles in Macau by focusing on the effects of environmental policy. An environmental technology acceptance model was developed, based on which 325 valid questionnaires were collected. The research demonstrates the impact on motorcyclists’ acceptance of electric motorcycles by considering their perceptions of environmental policy, pollution reduction, the saving of energy, and driving performance; the results can lead to valuable discussions on the environment–technology–society ecosystem in further studies. The research results could help relevant government bodies to develop appropriate environmental policies to encourage motorcyclists to adopt electric motorcycles. Furthermore, the electric motorcycle industry could identify key success factors for developing or promoting electric motorcycles using the study variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Yide Liu & Ivan Ka Wai Lai, 2020. "The Effects of Environmental Policy and the Perception of Electric Motorcycles on the Acceptance of Electric Motorcycles: An Empirical Study in Macau," SAGE Open, , vol. 10(1), pages 21582440198, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:sagope:v:10:y:2020:i:1:p:2158244019899091
    DOI: 10.1177/2158244019899091

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Egbue, Ona & Long, Suzanna, 2012. "Barriers to widespread adoption of electric vehicles: An analysis of consumer attitudes and perceptions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 717-729.
    2. Kang, Min Jung & Park, Heejun, 2011. "Impact of experience on government policy toward acceptance of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in Korea," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 3465-3475, June.
    3. Sheu, Kuen-Bao, 2007. "Analysis and evaluation of hybrid scooter transmission systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 84(12), pages 1289-1304, December.
    4. Jones, Luke R. & Cherry, Christopher R. & Vu, Tuan A. & Nguyen, Quang N., 2013. "The effect of incentives and technology on the adoption of electric motorcycles: A stated choice experiment in Vietnam," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 1-11.
    5. Iyer, Narayan V. & Badami, Madhav G., 2007. "Two-wheeled motor vehicle technology in India: Evolution, prospects and issues," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 4319-4331, August.
    6. Ivan K. W. Lai & Yide Liu & Xinbo Sun & Hao Zhang & Weiwei Xu, 2015. "Factors Influencing the Behavioural Intention towards Full Electric Vehicles: An Empirical Study in Macau," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(9), pages 1-22, September.
    7. Badami, Madhav G., 2004. "Environmental policy-making in a difficult context: motorized two-wheeled vehicle emissions in India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(16), pages 1861-1877, November.
    8. Amsden, Alice H, 1991. "Diffusion of Development: The Late-Industrializing Model and Greater East Asia," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 282-286, May.
    9. Huang, Shihping Kevin & Kuo, Lopin & Chou, Kuei-Lan, 2018. "The impacts of government policies on green utilization diffusion and social benefits – A case study of electric motorcycles in Taiwan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 473-486.
    10. Abdul Waheed Siyal & Ding Donghong & Waheed Ali Umrani & Saeed Siyal & Shaharbano Bhand, 2019. "Predicting Mobile Banking Acceptance and Loyalty in Chinese Bank Customers," SAGE Open, , vol. 9(2), pages 21582440198, April.
    11. Jonathan Weinert & Chaktan Ma & Christopher Cherry, 2007. "The transition to electric bikes in China: history and key reasons for rapid growth," Transportation, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 301-318, May.
    12. Cherry, Christopher R. & Yang, Hongtai & Jones, Luke R. & He, Min, 2016. "Dynamics of electric bike ownership and use in Kunming, China," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 127-135.
    13. Han-Shen Chen & Bi-Kun Tsai & Chi-Ming Hsieh, 2017. "Determinants of Consumers’ Purchasing Intentions for the Hydrogen-Electric Motorcycle," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(8), pages 1-12, August.
    14. Zhu, Lichao & Song, Qingbin & Sheng, Ni & Zhou, Xiu, 2019. "Exploring the determinants of consumers’ WTB and WTP for electric motorcycles using CVM method in Macau," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 64-72.
    15. Muhammad Ashfaq & Jiang Yun & Abdul Waheed & Muhammad Shahid Khan & Muhammad Farrukh, 2019. "Customers’ Expectation, Satisfaction, and Repurchase Intention of Used Products Online: Empirical Evidence From China," SAGE Open, , vol. 9(2), pages 21582440198, April.
    16. Darshana Rajapaksa & Moinul Islam & Shunsuke Managi, 2018. "Pro-Environmental Behavior: The Role of Public Perception in Infrastructure and the Social Factors for Sustainable Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-14, March.
    17. Cherry, Christopher & Cervero, Robert, 2007. "Use characteristics and mode choice behavior of electric bike users in China," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 247-257, May.
    18. Hsu, Yuan-Yong & Lu, Shao-Yuan, 2010. "Design and implementation of a hybrid electric motorcycle management system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(11), pages 3546-3551, November.
    19. Gallagher, Kelly Sims & Muehlegger, Erich, 2011. "Giving green to get green? Incentives and consumer adoption of hybrid vehicle technology," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 1-15, January.
    20. Wynne W. Chin & Barbara L. Marcolin & Peter R. Newsted, 2003. "A Partial Least Squares Latent Variable Modeling Approach for Measuring Interaction Effects: Results from a Monte Carlo Simulation Study and an Electronic-Mail Emotion/Adoption Study," Information Systems Research, INFORMS, vol. 14(2), pages 189-217, June.
    21. Lu, I.J. & Lin, Sue J. & Lewis, Charles, 2008. "Grey relation analysis of motor vehicular energy consumption in Taiwan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 2556-2561, July.
    22. Sanna Ala-Mantila & Jukka Heinonen & Seppo Junnila, 2013. "Greenhouse Gas Implications of Urban Sprawl in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(10), pages 1-18, October.
    23. Salmela, Suvi & Varho, Vilja, 2006. "Consumers in the green electricity market in Finland," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(18), pages 3669-3683, December.
    24. Weinert, Jonathan X. & Ogden, Joan M. & Sperling, Dan & Burke, Andy, 2008. "The future of electric two-wheelers and electric vehicles in China," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt0d05f8v9, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    25. Wu, Jih-Hwa & Wu, Chih-Wen & Lee, Chin-Tarn & Lee, Hsiao-Jung, 2015. "Green purchase intentions: An exploratory study of the Taiwanese electric motorcycle market," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 68(4), pages 829-833.
    26. Weinert, Jonathan & Ogden, Joan & Sperling, Dan & Burke, Andrew, 2008. "The future of electric two-wheelers and electric vehicles in China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 2544-2555, July.
    27. Geoffrey Rose, 2012. "E-bikes and urban transportation: emerging issues and unresolved questions," Transportation, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 81-96, January.
    28. Farid Huseynov & Sevgi Özkan Yıldırım, 2019. "Online Consumer Typologies and Their Shopping Behaviors in B2C E-Commerce Platforms," SAGE Open, , vol. 9(2), pages 21582440198, May.
    29. Duy Chinh Nguyen & Huu Dung Hoang & Huu Tien Hoang & Quang Trung Bui & Lan Phuong Nguyen, 2019. "Modal Preference in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: An Experiment With New Modes of Transport," SAGE Open, , vol. 9(2), pages 21582440198, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sae:sagope:v:10:y:2020:i:1:p:2158244019899091. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (SAGE Publications). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.