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The effect of incentives and technology on the adoption of electric motorcycles: A stated choice experiment in Vietnam


  • Jones, Luke R.
  • Cherry, Christopher R.
  • Vu, Tuan A.
  • Nguyen, Quang N.


Many Asian cities are experiencing rapid growth in the ownership of personal gasoline-powered motorcycles, a shift away from relatively low-emitting modes of transportation that is contributing to deteriorated air quality. Electric two-wheelers have the potential for significant air pollution reductions as an alternative to gasoline-powered motorcycles; however, they have yet to penetrate many Asian markets. While previous research has examined the adoption of cleaner alternatives to gasoline-powered automobiles (e.g., hybrid electric cars), similar work on motorcycle alternatives is lacking. This study uses a stated preference survey of households in Hanoi, Vietnam to analyze adoption of electric two-wheelers, while focusing on the effects of economic incentives (e.g., differential sales taxes and fuel prices) and technological improvements (e.g., more efficient batteries). A choice model is estimated and market shares are calculated for scenarios involving different levels of electric two-wheeler technology, gasoline prices, and sales tax rates. Results indicate that technological improvements and economic incentives, particularly sales taxes, have significant effects on adoption.

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  • Jones, Luke R. & Cherry, Christopher R. & Vu, Tuan A. & Nguyen, Quang N., 2013. "The effect of incentives and technology on the adoption of electric motorcycles: A stated choice experiment in Vietnam," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 1-11.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:57:y:2013:i:c:p:1-11
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2013.09.003

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    Cited by:

    1. Jinshi Cheng & Jiali Wang & Bengang Gong, 2020. "Game-Theoretic Analysis of Price and Quantity Decisions for Electric Vehicle Supply Chain Under Subsidy Reduction," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 55(4), pages 1185-1208, April.
    2. Xiaoxia Dong & Matthew DiScenna & Erick Guerra, 2019. "Transit user perceptions of driverless buses," Transportation, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 35-50, February.
    3. Sánchez-Braza, Antonio & Cansino, José M. & Lerma, Enrique, 2014. "Main drivers for local tax incentives to promote electric vehicles: The Spanish case," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 1-9.
    4. Cherry, Christopher R. & Yang, Hongtai & Jones, Luke R. & He, Min, 2016. "Dynamics of electric bike ownership and use in Kunming, China," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 127-135.
    5. Yide Liu & Ivan Ka Wai Lai, 2020. "The Effects of Environmental Policy and the Perception of Electric Motorcycles on the Acceptance of Electric Motorcycles: An Empirical Study in Macau," SAGE Open, , vol. 10(1), pages 21582440198, January.
    6. Bansal, Prateek & Daziano, Ricardo A & Guerra, Erick, 2018. "Minorization-Maximization (MM) algorithms for semiparametric logit models: Bottlenecks, extensions, and comparisons," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 17-40.
    7. Sarmad Zaman Rajper & Johan Albrecht, 2020. "Prospects of Electric Vehicles in the Developing Countries: A Literature Review," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(5), pages 1-19, March.
    8. Singfat Chu, 2018. "Singapore’s Vehicle Quota System and its impact on motorcycles," Transportation, Springer, vol. 45(5), pages 1419-1432, September.
    9. De Gennaro, Michele & Paffumi, Elena & Martini, Giorgio, 2015. "Customer-driven design of the recharge infrastructure and Vehicle-to-Grid in urban areas: A large-scale application for electric vehicles deployment," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 294-311.
    10. Li, Yanfei & Chang, Youngho, 2019. "Road transport electrification and energy security in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations: Quantitative analysis and policy implications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 805-815.
    11. Carlos Lam & Chih-Wei Pai & Chia-Chang Chuang & Yu-Chun Yen & Chia-Chieh Wu & Shih-Hsiang Yu & Kuo-Sheng Hung & Wen-Ta Chiu, 2019. "Rider factors associated with severe injury after a light motorcycle crash: A multicentre study in an emerging economy setting," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 14(6), pages 1-17, June.
    12. Jon Martin Denstadli & Tom Erik Julsrud, 2019. "Moving Towards Electrification of Workers’ Transportation: Identifying Key Motives for the Adoption of Electric Vans," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(14), pages 1-19, July.


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