IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Clean Energy-Growth Nexus with CO2 Emissions and Technological Innovation in Norway and New Zealand


  • Qin Fei
  • Rajah Rasiah
  • Leow Jia Shen


This study revisits the energy-growth nexus by incorporating the effect of clean energy, CO 2 emissions and technological innovation within the research background of Norway and New Zealand over the period from 1971 to 2010. The result of the autoregressive distributed lag model indicates that there is long-run equilibrium among clean energy, economic growth, CO 2 emissions and technological innovation for both countries. The result of the Granger causality test suggests that the use of clean energy does assuage CO 2 emissions at the expense of economic growth. As the majority of countries are supposed to participate in the pace of environmental protection, examining Norway and New Zealand provides readers an insight of the double edge effect of clean energy on CO 2 emissions and economic growth. It is worth to mention that the endogenous growth theory plays an effective role in the energy-growth nexus. To optimize the benefits of clean energy use, Norway and New Zealand should pay attention to their research and development processes.

Suggested Citation

  • Qin Fei & Rajah Rasiah & Leow Jia Shen, 2014. "The Clean Energy-Growth Nexus with CO2 Emissions and Technological Innovation in Norway and New Zealand," Energy & Environment, , vol. 25(8), pages 1323-1344, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:engenv:v:25:y:2014:i:8:p:1323-1344

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:enepol:v:113:y:2018:i:c:p:356-367 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:eneeco:v:78:y:2019:i:c:p:401-411 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:eneeco:v:74:y:2018:i:c:p:843-857 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Balsalobre-Lorente, Daniel & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Roubaud, David & Farhani, Sahbi, 2018. "How economic growth, renewable electricity and natural resources contribute to CO2 emissions?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 356-367.
    5. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Nasir, Muhammad Ali & Roubaud, David, 2018. "Environmental degradation in France: The effects of FDI, financial development, and energy innovations," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 843-857.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sae:engenv:v:25:y:2014:i:8:p:1323-1344. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (SAGE Publications). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.