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Comment les salariés perçoivent-ils la protection de l'emploi ?

Author

Listed:
  • Fabien Postel-Vinay
  • Anne Saint-Martin

Abstract

[spa] ¿ Cómo perciben los asalariados la protección del empleo? . . A partir del Panel europeo de 1999 y de la encuesta «Work Orientations» del ISSP (International Social Survey Programme) de 1997 se construyen diferentes indicadores del sentimiento de seguridad del empleo para 23 países del OCDE que se comparan luego con algunas mediciones sintéticas de las características de las instituciones vigentes en los mercados laborales de esos países. Una correlación negativa aparece entre el sentimiento de seguridad del empleo y el indicador OCDE de rigidez de la legislación sobre la protección del empleo. Además, este sentimiento de seguridad del empleo está correlado positivamente al indicador OCDE de generosidad de los sistemas de subsidios del paro. Las interpretaciones que proponemos de estos resultados no son más que especulaciones. Sin embargo, éstos parecen indicar que la protección del empleo, tal y como se concibe en los países de la Europa continental y tal y como la mide el indicador OCDE, no sería una buena protección contra el sentimiento de inseguridad del empleo, pero esa función protectora la desempeñaría en cambio el seguro de paro. [fre] Comment les salariés perçoivent-ils la protection de l’emploi? . . À partir du Panel européen de 1999 et de l’enquête «Work Orientations» de l’ISSP (International Social Survey Programme) de 1997 on construit différents indicateurs du sentiment de sécurité de l’emploi pour 23 pays de l’OCDE qui sont ensuite confrontés à certaines mesures synthétiques des caractéristiques des institutions en vigueur sur les marchés du travail de ces pays. Une corrélation négative apparaît entre le sentiment de sécurité de l’emploi et l’indicateur OCDE de rigueur de la législation sur la protection de l’emploi. En outre, ce sentiment de sécurité de l’emploi est corrélé positivement à l’indicateur OCDE de générosité des systèmes d’indemnisation du chômage. Les interprétations que l’on peut proposer de ces résultats restent spéculatives. Cependant, ils semblent indiquer que la protection de l’emploi, telle qu’elle est conçue dans les pays d’Europe continentale et telle qu’elle est mesurée par l’indicateur OCDE, ne serait pas une bonne protection contre le sentiment d’insécurité de l’emploi, rôle protecteur que semblerait bien jouer, en revanche, l’assurance-chômage. [eng] How do Employees Perceive Employment Protection? . . We construct different indicators of the impression of job security for 23 OECD countries based on the 1999 . European Panel and the 1997 ISSP (International Social Survey Programme) Work Orientations survey. These indicators are then compared with composite measurements of the characteristics of the institutions operational on these countries’ labour markets. A negative correlation is found between the impression of job security and the OECD indicator on the rigour of employment protection legislation. Moreover, this feeling of job security is positively correlated with the OECD indicator on the generosity of the unemployment benefit systems. The interpretations that could be put forward for these findings remain speculative. However, they appear to suggest that employment protection, as conceived in the continental European countries and as measured by the OECD indicator, is not a good safeguard against the impression of job insecurity. However, unemployment insurance would appear to play this protective role. [ger] Wie empfinden die Arbeitnehmer den Schutz des Arbeitsplatzes? . . Anhand des europäischen Panels von 1999 und der Erhebung «Work Orientations» des ISSP (International Social Survey Programme) von 1997 werden verschiedene Indikatoren über die gefühlte Arbeitsplatzsicherheit für 23 OECD-Länder erstellt, die danach mit bestimmten synthetischen Messungen der Merkmale der Institutionen verglichen werden, die für die Arbeitsmärkte dieser Länder zuständig sind. Zwischen der gefühlten Arbeitsplatzsicherheit und dem OECD-Indikator betreffend die strengen Anforderungen der Rechtsvorschriften über den Arbeitsplatzschutz ergibt sich eine negative Korrelation. Ferner besteht eine positive Korrelation zwischen dieser gefühlten Arbeitsplatzsicherheit und dem OECD-Indikator betreffend die Großzügigkeit der Arbeitslosenversicherung. Die Interpretationen, die man im Hinblick auf diese Ergebnisse vorschlagen kann, bleiben Spekulationen. Allerdings zeigen sie, dass der Arbeitsplatzschutz, wie er in den westeuropäischen Ländern wahrgenommen und mit dem OECD-Indikator gemessen wird, kein guter Schutz gegen die gefühlte Arbeitsplatzunsicherheit darstellt; eine Schutzrolle, die die Arbeitslosenversicherung dagegen gut zu gewährleisten scheint.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabien Postel-Vinay & Anne Saint-Martin, 2004. "Comment les salariés perçoivent-ils la protection de l'emploi ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 372(1), pages 41-59.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2004_num_372_1_7266
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.2004.7266
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alex Bryson & Lorenzo Cappellari & Claudio Lucifora, 2004. "Does Union Membership Really Reduce Job Satisfaction?," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 42(3), pages 439-459, September.
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    9. Olivier Blanchard & Jean Tirole, 2004. "The Optimal Design of Unemployment Insurance and Employment Protection. A First Pass," NBER Working Papers 10443, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Philippe Askenazy & Eve Caroli & Jérôme Gautié, 2009. "Un panorama des bas salaires et de la qualité de l'emploi peu qualifié en France," PSE Working Papers halshs-00567693, HAL.
    2. Federica Origo & Laura Pagani, 2008. "Flexicurity and Workers Well-Being in Europe: Is Temporary Employment Always Bad?," Working Papers 141, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Jun 2008.
    3. Frédéric Salladarré & Boubaker Hlaimi & François-Charles Wolff, 2010. "How important is security in the choice of employment? Evidence from European countries," Working Papers hal-00526264, HAL.
    4. Nicolas Lepage-Saucier & Etienne Wasmer, 2016. "Does Employment Protection Raise Stress? A Cross-Country and Cross-Province Analysis," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 10(1), pages 33-66.
    5. repec:ilo:ilowps:481497 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Gabriella BERLOFFA & Eleonora MATTEAZZI & Alina ŞANDOR & Paola VILLA, 2016. "Youth employment security and labour market institutions: A dynamic perspective," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 155(4), pages 651-678, December.
    7. Gabriele Maria Mazzolini & Federica Origo, 2014. "Is Flexicurity Good in Bad Times? Evidence on worker security in Europe," Working Papers (2013-) 1401, University of Bergamo, Department of Management, Economics and Quantitative Methods.
    8. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00567693 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Alexandre Georgieff & Anthony Lepinteur, 2017. "Partial Employment Protection and Perceived Job Security: Evidence from France," PSE Working Papers halshs-01519772, HAL.
    10. Christophe Ramaux, 2005. "Les emplois ne sont pas plus instables : explications et incidences sur la régulation de l'emploi," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00801412, HAL.
    11. Etienne Wasmer & Nicolas Lepage-Saucier & Juliette Schleich, 2013. "Moving towards a single labour contract: pros, cons and mixed feelings," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/772g8m5php8, Sciences Po.
    12. Philippe Askenazy & Eve Caroli & Jérôme Gautié, 2009. "Un panorama des bas salaires et de la qualité de l'emploi peu qualifié en France," Working Papers halshs-00567693, HAL.
    13. Luc Behaghel & Fabien Postel-Vinay, 2003. "Insécurité de l'emploi : le rôle protecteur de l'ancienneté a-t-il baissé en France ? Suivi d'un commentaire de Fabien Postel-Vinay," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 366(1), pages 3-29.
    14. Le Barbanchon, Thomas. & Malherbet, Franck., 2013. "An anatomy of the French labour market : country case studies on labour market segmentation," ILO Working Papers 994814973402676, International Labour Organization.

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