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L'utilité est-elle relative ? Analyse à l'aide de données sur les ménages

  • Andrew Clark

[spa] ¿ La utilidad es acaso relativa ? análisis mediante datos sobre las familias, por Andrew Clark. En este estudio los datos recientes sacados de una encuesta hecha ante familias británicas se utilizan para contribuir al análisis de los efectos de comparaciones en el seno de la función de utilidad individual. La satisfacción en el trabajo es fuerte y negativamente en correlación con el salario del cónyuge, así como con el salario medio de los demás asalariados de la familia. Además, existe un "codo" en cuantoal nivel de salario propio del individuo : un salario bajo es tante menos satisfactorio cuanto que se sitúa por debajo del salario del cónjuge o del salarie medio de los demás asalariados de la familia. Estos resultados son coherentes con una evaluación relativa del ingreso, en donde el grupo de referencia incluye a los demás asalariados del hogar. [eng] Is Utility Relative? An Analysis Based on Household Data, by Andrew Clark. This study uses recent data from a survey of British households to help analyze the effects of comparisons within the individual utility function. Job satisfaction is strongly and negatively correlated with the spouse's wage as well as with the average wage of the other wage earners in the household. Moreover, there is a kink at the level of the individual's wage: a low wage is all the more unsatisfactory when it is lower than the spouse's wage or the average wage of the other wage earners in the household. These results are consistent with a relative evaluation of income in which the reference group includes the other wage earners in the household. [fre] L'utilité est-elle relative ? Analyse à l'aide de données sur les ménages, par Andrew Clark. Dans cette étude, les données récentes issues d'une enquête auprès des ménages britanniques sont utilisées pour contribuer à l'analyse des effets de comparaisons au sein de la fonction d'utilité individuelle. La satisfaction dans le travail est fortement et négativement corrélée avec le salaire du conjoint, ainsi que avec le salaire moyen des autres salariées du ménage. En outre, il existe un coude au niveau du salaire propre de l'individu : un salaire bas est d'autant moins satisfaisant lorsqu'il se situe au-dessous du salaire du conjoint ou du salaire moyen des autres salariés du ménage. Ces résultats sont cohérents avec une évaluation relative du revenu, où le groupe de référence comprend les autres salariés du ménage. [ger] Ist der Nutzen relativ? Eine Analyse anhand von Daten über die Privathaushalte, von Andrew Clark. In dieser Studie werden die jüngsten Daten aus einer Erhebung bei britischen Privathaushalten für die Analyse der Vergleichseffekte in der Funktion des individuellen Nutzens verwandt. Die Zufriedenheit mit der Arbeit steht in einem engen und negativen Bezug zum Lohn des Ehepartners sowie zum Durchschnittslohn der anderen Arbeitnehmerinnen eines Privathaushaltes. Ferner gibt es beim eigenen Lohn des Individuums einen Knick, da ein niedriger Lohn um so weniger zufriedenstellt, als er unterhalb des Lohns des Ehepartners oder des Durchschnittslohns der anderen Arbeitnehmer des Haushaltes liegt. Diese Ergebnisse sind kohärent zu einer relativen Einkommensbewertung, wo die Bezugsgruppe auch die anderen Arbeitnehmer des Haushalts umfaßt.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 121 (1995)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 151-164

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1995_num_121_5_6137
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1995.6137
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  1. Oswald, Andrew J., 1983. "Altruism, jealousy and the theory of optimal non-linear taxation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 77-87, February.
  2. Clark, Andrew E. & Oswald, Andrew J., 1994. "Satisfaction and comparison income," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9408, CEPREMAP.
  3. Haddad, Lawrence & Kanbur, Ravi, 1990. "Are better off households more unequal or less unequal ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 373, The World Bank.
  4. Seidl, Christian, 1994. "How sensible is the Leyden individual welfare function of income?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 1633-1659, October.
  5. Browning, Martin, 1992. "Children and Household Economic Behavior," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1434-75, September.
  6. P. J. Sloane & H. Williams, 2000. "Job Satisfaction, Comparison Earnings, and Gender," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 14(3), pages 473-502, 09.
  7. Tinbergen, Jan, 1991. "On the measurement of welfare," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1-2), pages 7-13, October.
  8. Freeman, Richard B, 1978. "Job Satisfaction as an Economic Variable," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 68(2), pages 135-41, May.
  9. George A. Akerlof & Andrew K. Rose & Janet L. Yellen, 1988. "Job Switching and Job Satisfaction in the U.S. Labor Market," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 19(2), pages 495-594.
  10. Boskin, Michael J & Sheshinski, Eytan, 1978. "Optimal Redistributive Taxation when Individual Welfare Depends upon Relative Income," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 92(4), pages 589-601, November.
  11. Reuben Gronau, 1976. "Leisure, Home Production and Work--The Theory of The Allocation of Time Revisited," NBER Working Papers 0137, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Frank, Robert H, 1984. "Are Workers Paid Their Marginal Products?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(4), pages 549-71, September.
  13. Agell, Jonas & Lundborg, Per, 1992. "Fair wages, involuntary unemployment and tax policies in the simple general equilibrium model," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 299-320, April.
  14. Wright, Robert E & Ermisch, John F, 1991. "Gender Discrimination in the British Labour Market: A Reassessment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(406), pages 508-22, May.
  15. Gary S. Becker, 1981. "A Treatise on the Family," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck81-1, December.
  16. Kare Johansen & Bjarne Strom, 2001. "Efficiency Wages, Interfirm Comparison, and Unemployment," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 68(2), pages 387-402, October.
  17. Clark, Andrew E., 1999. "Are wages habit-forming? evidence from micro data," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 179-200, June.
  18. Clark, Andrew E. & Oswald, Andrew J. & Warr, Peter B., 1994. "Is job satisfaction u-shaped in age ?," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9407, CEPREMAP.
  19. Miller, Paul W, 1990. "Trade Unions and Job Satisfaction," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(55), pages 226-48, December.
  20. Clark, Andrew E & Oswald, Andrew J, 1994. "Unhappiness and Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(424), pages 648-59, May.
  21. George J. Borjas, 1979. "Job Satisfaction, Wages, and Unions," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 14(1), pages 21-40.
  22. Layard, Richard, 1980. "Human Satisfactions and Public Policy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(363), pages 737-50, December.
  23. Ruut Veenhoven, 1991. "Is happiness relative?," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 24(1), pages 1-34, February.
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