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Emerging Market Instability: Do Sovereign Ratings Affect Country Risk and Stock Returns?

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  • Graciela Kaminsky
  • Sergio L. Schmukler

Abstract

Changes in sovereign debt ratings and outlooks affect financial markets in emerging economies. They affect not only the instrument being rated (bonds) but also stocks. They directly impact the markets of the countries rated and generate cross-country contagion. The effects of rating and outlook changes are stronger during crises, in nontransparent economies, and in neighboring countries. Upgrades tend to take place during market rallies, whereas downgrades occur during downturns, providing support to the idea that credit rating agencies contribute to the instability in emerging financial markets. Copyright 2002, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Graciela Kaminsky & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2002. "Emerging Market Instability: Do Sovereign Ratings Affect Country Risk and Stock Returns?," The World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 16(2), pages 171-195, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:wbecrv:v:16:y:2002:i:2:p:171-195
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