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Crop Prices, Agricultural Revenues, and the Rural Economy

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Listed:
  • Jeremy G. Weber
  • Conor Wall
  • Jason Brown
  • Tom Hertz

Abstract

Policy makers in the United States often justify agricultural subsidies by stressing that agriculture is the engine of the rural economy. We use the increase in crop prices in the late 2000s to estimate the marginal effect of increased agricultural revenues on local economies in the U.S. Heartland. We find that $1 more in crop revenue generated 64¢ in personal income, with most going to farm proprietors and workers (59%) or nonfarmers who own farm assets (36%). The evidence suggests a weak link between revenues and nonfarm income or employment, or on population. Cuts to agricultural subsidies are therefore likely to have little effect on the broader rural economy in regions like the Heartland.

Suggested Citation

  • Jeremy G. Weber & Conor Wall & Jason Brown & Tom Hertz, 2015. "Crop Prices, Agricultural Revenues, and the Rural Economy," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 37(3), pages 459-476.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:apecpp:v:37:y:2015:i:3:p:459-476.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/aepp/ppu040
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Weerasooriya, Senal A. & Reimer, Jeffrey J., 2016. "General Equilibrium Analysis of the Farm Bill: SNAP versus Farm Programs," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, Boston, Massachusetts 236076, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Apergis, Nicholas & Polemis, Michael, 2018. "Electricity supply shocks and economic growth across the US states: evidence from a time-varying Bayesian panel VAR model, aggregate and disaggregate energy sources," MPRA Paper 84954, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Xi He, 2020. "US agricultural exports and labor market adjustments," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 51(4), pages 609-621, July.
    4. Jason Brown & Timothy Fitzgerald & Jeremy G. Weber, 2016. "Asset Ownership, Windfalls, and Income: Evidence from Oil and Gas Royalties," Research Working Paper RWP 16-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, revised 08 Dec 2016.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J43 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Agricultural Labor Markets
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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