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Bid-Ask Spreads, Volume, and Volatility: Evidence from Livestock Markets

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  • Julieta Frank
  • Philip Garcia

Abstract

Using literature-based measures and a modified Bayesian method specified here, we estimate liquidity costs and their determinants for the live cattle and hog futures markets. Volume and volatility are simultaneously determined and significantly related to the bid-ask spread. Daily volume is negatively related to the spread while volatility and average volume per transaction display positive relationships. Electronic trading has a significant competitive effect on liquidity costs, particularly in the live cattle market. Results are sensitive to the bid-ask spread measure, with our modified Bayesian method providing estimates most consistent with expectations and the competitive structure in these markets. Copyright 2010, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Julieta Frank & Philip Garcia, 2010. "Bid-Ask Spreads, Volume, and Volatility: Evidence from Livestock Markets," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 93(1), pages 209-225.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:93:y:2010:i:1:p:209-225
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/ajae/aaq116
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hasbrouck, Joel, 2004. "Liquidity in the Futures Pits: Inferring Market Dynamics from Incomplete Data," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 39(02), pages 305-326, June.
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    5. Thompson, Sarahelen R. & Eales, James S. & Seibold, David, 1993. "Comparison Of Liquidity Costs Between The Kansas City And Chicago Wheat Futures Contracts," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 18(02), December.
    6. Cumby, Robert E & Huizinga, John, 1992. "Testing the Autocorrelation Structure of Disturbances in Ordinary Least Squares and Instrumental Variables Regressions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(1), pages 185-195, January.
    7. Thompson, Sarahelen R. & Waller, Mark L., 1987. "The Execution Cost of Trading in Commodity Futures Markets," Food Research Institute Studies, Stanford University, Food Research Institute, issue 02.
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    11. Henry Bryant & Michael Haigh, 2004. "Bid-ask spreads in commodity futures markets," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(13), pages 923-936.
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    Cited by:

    1. Irwin, Scott H. & Sanders, Dwight R., 2012. "Financialization and Structural Change in Commodity Futures Markets," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 44(03), August.
    2. Janzen, Joseph P. & Carter, Colin A. & Smith, Aaron D., 2012. "The Quality of Price Discovery and the Transition to Electronic Trade: The Case of Cotton Futures," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124994, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    3. Rashmi Ranjan Paital & Naresh Kumar Sharma, 2016. "Bid-Ask Spreads, Trading Volume and Return Volatility: Intraday Evidence from Indian Stock Market," Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, Eurasian Publications, vol. 4(1), pages 24-40.
    4. Janzen, Joseph P. & Adjemian, Michael K., 2016. "Estimating the Location of World Wheat Price Determination," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts 235838, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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