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Youth employment in Europe: do institutions and social capital explain better than mainstream economics?

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  • Bruno Contini

Abstract

Why did employment growth - high in the last decade - take place at the expense of young workers mainly, but not only. in the countries of Southern Europe? Youth unemployment is now exceeding 30%, after decades hovering around 20% and over, despite a variety of factors, common to most EU countries, that would be expected to reduce its evolution: population ageing and the demographic decline, low labor cost of young workers, flexibility of working arrangements, higher educational attainment, low unionization of young workers, early retirement practices of workers 50+. But neither seems to provide a convincing explanation for countries of Southern Europe. Historically based institutions and political tradition, cultural values, social capital - factors that go beyond the standard explanation of economic theory - provide a more satisfying interpretation

Suggested Citation

  • Bruno Contini, 2012. "Youth employment in Europe: do institutions and social capital explain better than mainstream economics?," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 9(2), pages 247-277, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:liu:liucej:v:9:y:2012:i:2:p:247-277
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    File URL: http://eaces.liuc.it/18242979201202/182429792012090204.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jonathan Gruber & Kevin Milligan & David A. Wise, 2009. "Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment, Introduction and Summary," NBER Working Papers 14647, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Alison L. Booth & Marco Francesconi & Jeff Frank, 2002. "Temporary Jobs: Stepping Stones Or Dead Ends?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(480), pages 189-213, June.
    3. repec:tur:wpaper:6 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Samuel Bentolila & Giuseppe Bertola, 1990. "Firing Costs and Labour Demand: How Bad is Eurosclerosis?," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(3), pages 381-402.
    5. Fabio Berton & Francesco Devicienti & Lia Pacelli, 2011. "Are temporary jobs a port of entry into permanent employment?: Evidence from matched employer-employee," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(8), pages 879-899, November.
    6. Fabio Berton & Francesco Devicienti & Lia Pacelli, 2009. "Are Temporary Jobs a Port of Entry into Permanent Employment? Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data," Working papers 06, Former Department of Economics and Public Finance "G. Prato", University of Torino.
    7. Adriaan Kalwij & Arie Kapteyn & Klaas de Vos, 2009. "Early retirement and employment of the young," Working Papers 200948, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
    8. Andrea Ichino & Fabrizia Mealli & Tommaso Nannicini, 2005. "Temporary Work Agencies in Italy: A Springboard Toward Permanent Employment?," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 64(1), pages 1-27, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Joseph Anthony Mauro & Sophie Mitra, 2015. "Understanding Out-of-Work and Out-of-School Youth in Europe and Central Asia," World Bank Other Operational Studies 22806, The World Bank.
    2. Asongu, Simplice, 2014. "Taxation, foreign aid and political governance: figures to the facts of a celebrated literature," MPRA Paper 63792, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    EU labor market institutions and LM performance;

    JEL classification:

    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • F01 - International Economics - - General - - - Global Outlook
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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