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Temporary Work Agencies in Italy: A Springboard Toward Permanent Employment?

Author

Listed:
  • Andrea Ichino

    (University of Bologna, CEPR, CESifo and IZA)

  • Fabrizia Mealli

    (University of Florence)

  • Tommaso Nannicini

    (European University Institute)

Abstract

This paper measures to what extent Temporary Work Agency (TWA) employment creates a "springboard" toward permanent jobs, or a "trap" of endless precariousness. Applying Propensity Score matching in the presence of choice-based sampling, we estimate the causal effect of the treatment "TWA assignment" on the outcome "finding a permanent job after 18 months". The data come trom Italy, where TWA employment was liberalized in 1997, and they were specifically collected for this evaluation study. We show that a TWA assignment increases the probability of finding a permanent job by 19 percentage points in Tuscany and by 11 percentage points in Sicily, although this second effect is only barely significant. These effects are large given that the observed baseline probabilities in the treated goup are respectively 31% and 23% in the two regions. This treatment effect is highly heterogeneous with respect to observable characteristics such as age, education and firm's sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Ichino & Fabrizia Mealli & Tommaso Nannicini, 2005. "Temporary Work Agencies in Italy: A Springboard Toward Permanent Employment?," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 64(1), pages 1-27, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gde:journl:gde_v64_n1_p1-27
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    temporary employment; Italy; propensity score matching;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C2 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables
    • C8 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers

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