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Kiből lesz ma tanár?. A tanári pálya választásának empirikus elemzése
[Who becomes a teacher today?. An empirical analysis of choosing the teaching profession]

Listed author(s):
  • Varga, Júlia


Kiből lesz ma tanár Magyarországon? Különböznek-e a tanárképzésre jelentkezők, a tanári pályát választók képességei a más szakon továbbtanulók, a más pályát választók képességeitől? Mekkora szerepe van a tanári pálya választásában a tanárként, illetve a többi pályán elérhető kereseteknek? E kérdések megválaszolására végzett kutatás eredményei azt mutatják, hogy a tanárok kiválasztódási folyamatának minden egyes pontján - a pedagógusképzésre jelentkezéskor, a felsőfokú tanulmányok befejezését követő elhelyezkedéskor, majd a végzést követő 5., illetve 6. évben is - negatív önszelekciós hatás figyelhető meg. Azok jelentkeznek főiskolai szintű pedagógusképzésre, akiknek rosszabbak a képességei. A diplomát szerzettek közül nagyobb valószínűséggel a kevésbé jó képességűek helyezkednek el tanári pályán, és nagyobb valószínűséggel találjuk őket tanári állásban a végzést követő 5, illetve 6 évvel is. A tanulmány - a szelekciós torzítás hatásának figyelembevétele mellett - bemutatja, hogy a tanári pálya választásában meghatározó szerepe van a nem tanári és tanári állásban elérhető keresetek különbségének. Journal of Economics Literature (JEL) kód: I2, J24, J45.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LIV (2007)
Issue (Month): 7 ()
Pages: 609-627

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:925
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Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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  1. Zabalza,Antoni & Turnbull,Philip & Williams,Gareth, 2010. "The Economics of Teacher Supply," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521133920, August.
  2. Richard J. Murnane & Randall J. Olsen, 1990. "The Effects of Salaries and Opportunity Costs on Length of Stay in Teaching: Evidence from North Carolina," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(1), pages 106-124.
  3. Eric A. Hanushek, 2003. "The Failure of Input-Based Schooling Policies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(485), pages 64-98, February.
  4. Stefan C. Wolter & Stefan Denzler, 2004. "Wage elasticity of the teacher supply in Switzerland," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 47(3-4), pages 387-408.
  5. Eric A. Hanushek & John F. Kain & Steven G. Rivkin, 1999. "Do Higher Salaries Buy Better Teachers?," NBER Working Papers 7082, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Caroline M. Hoxby & Andrew Leigh, 2004. "Pulled Away or Pushed Out? Explaining the Decline of Teacher Aptitude in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 236-240, May.
  7. Robert Tamura, 2001. "Teachers, Growth, and Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 109(5), pages 1021-1059, October.
  8. Dolton, Peter J, 1990. "The Economics of UK Teacher Supply: The Graduate's Decision," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 100(400), pages 91-104, Supplemen.
  9. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-1177, September.
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