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The impact of university focused technology transfer policies on regional innovation and entrepreneurship

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  • James A. Cunningham

    () (Northumbria University)

  • Erik E. Lehmann

    () (University of Augsburg and CCSE (Augsburg/Bergamo, Italy))

  • Matthias Menter

    () (Friedrich Schiller University Jena)

  • Nikolaus Seitz

    () (University of Augsburg)

Abstract

Within the technology transfer field, there have been numerous empirical studies taking US data and context that have examined the impact and effect of government legislation aimed at supporting effective technology transfer, particularly from universities and federal research laboratories to the market. However, there is a paucity of such studies in other geographical domains. Existing studies have further not focused on examining the simultaneous effects on entrepreneurial and innovative outcomes of university focused technology transfer policies. We address these research gaps by examining the effects of a far-reaching legislation change in Germany, reforming the old ‘professor’s privilege’ (Hochschullehrerprivileg). The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether regional entrepreneurial and innovative outcomes have been affected by this legislative change in intellectual property rights of inventions made by scientists. Our results suggest that this legislative change did have an initial positive effect on universities as measured by start-ups and patents. The effect yet changed over time, leading to some unintended consequences. Our paper argues that policy makers and legislators need to give consideration to the replication of policy and legislative instruments from other contexts along with the criteria that are used to measure success.

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  • James A. Cunningham & Erik E. Lehmann & Matthias Menter & Nikolaus Seitz, 2019. "The impact of university focused technology transfer policies on regional innovation and entrepreneurship," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 44(5), pages 1451-1475, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:44:y:2019:i:5:d:10.1007_s10961-019-09733-0
    DOI: 10.1007/s10961-019-09733-0
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    Cited by:

    1. Catalina MARTINEZ & Valerio STERZI, 2019. "The impact of the abolishment of the professor’s privilege on European university-owned patents," Cahiers du GREThA (2007-2019) 2019-15, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée (GREThA).

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    Keywords

    German Employees’ Inventions Act; Bayh-Dole Act; Professor’s privilege; Innovation; Entrepreneurship; Technology transfer;

    JEL classification:

    • L38 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Public Policy
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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