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To invent and let others innovate: a framework of academic patent transfer modes

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Listed:
  • Charlotta Dahlborg

    () (Karolinska Institutet)

  • Danielle Lewensohn

    () (Karolinska Institutet)

  • Rickard Danell

    () (Umeå University)

  • Carl Johan Sundberg

    () (Karolinska Institutet)

Abstract

Abstract Numerous papers on university patenting and commercialisation have mapped the patent ownership landscape at a variety of academic institutions. Despite these efforts, there is still a scarcity in empirical evidence in terms of how patented academic inventions are commercialised over time. This paper extends previous work on academic commercialisation by tracing patent ownership transfers longitudinally. We develop a conceptual framework of academic patent transfer modes that distinguishes between patents transferred through the efforts of the researchers themselves (autonomous mode), through university support intermediaries (bridge mode) or via companies (corporate mode). The framework makes it possible to record knowledge transfer between academic inventors and external innovators at the time of invention (t0), patent filing (t1), and any subsequent time point (tn). Our results indicate that a majority of the patented inventions are transferred from the inventors to outside-of-academe entities. The results show that small and medium-sized companies are the largest absorbers of academic patents. The findings have potential implications for benchmarking of universities and development of more targeted internal innovation support.

Suggested Citation

  • Charlotta Dahlborg & Danielle Lewensohn & Rickard Danell & Carl Johan Sundberg, 2017. "To invent and let others innovate: a framework of academic patent transfer modes," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 538-563, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:42:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10961-016-9490-7
    DOI: 10.1007/s10961-016-9490-7
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    1. repec:kap:jtecht:v:44:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s10961-018-9697-x is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Rajeev K. Goel & Devrim Göktepe-Hultén, 2018. "What drives academic patentees to bypass TTOs? Evidence from a large public research organisation," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 240-258, February.
    3. repec:kap:jtecht:v:44:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s10961-018-9691-3 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Technology transfer; Academic patenting; Innovation; University benchmarking; Patent ownership transfer;

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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