Institutional Change and Academic Patenting: French Universities and the Innovation Act of the 1999
The Innovation Act was introduced by the French government in 1999, with the aim of encouraging academic institutions to protect and commercialize their scientists’ inventions. We explore the effects of the Act on the distribution of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) over academic scientists’ inventions. We find that before the Act, academic institutions had a strong tendency to leave such IPRs in the hands of their main funders, namely public research organizations (such as CNRS or INSERM), and business companies. After the introduction of the Act, French academic institutions have increased their propensity to claim IPRs over their employees’ invention, mainly under the form of co-ownership with business companies. This result vary with the technological class of the patent, the presence and age of a TTO within the university, and the university size and type.
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|Date of revision:||Jan 2010|
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