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Is foreign-bank efficiency in financial centers driven by home or host country characteristics?

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  • Claudia Curi

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  • Paolo Guarda
  • Ana Lozano-Vivas
  • Valentin Zelenyuk

Abstract

This paper investigates whether home or host country factors can explain differences in technical efficiency among foreign banks operating in the Luxembourg financial center. We first address heterogeneity across banks by using the group-wise bootstrap to compare DEA measures of bank efficiency between branches and subsidiaries, focused and diversified banks, and euro area and non-euro area banks. We then control for these factors in a second-stage regression indentifying the impact of country-specific regulatory and macroeconomic variables on individual bank efficiency scores. Our regulatory indicators capture the strictness of capital requirements, private monitoring, official disciplinary power and restrictions on bank activities. Our macroeconomic indicators capture GDP per capita in the home country and its position in the business cycle. Our results carry policy implications for bank regulators in both home and host countries and provide insight into banks’ choice between establishing a branch or a subsidiary to develop cross-border activities through international financial centers. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Claudia Curi & Paolo Guarda & Ana Lozano-Vivas & Valentin Zelenyuk, 2013. "Is foreign-bank efficiency in financial centers driven by home or host country characteristics?," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 367-385, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jproda:v:40:y:2013:i:3:p:367-385
    DOI: 10.1007/s11123-012-0294-y
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Curi, Claudia & Lozano-Vivas, Ana & Zelenyuk, Valentin, 2015. "Foreign bank diversification and efficiency prior to and during the financial crisis: Does one business model fit all?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(S1), pages 22-35.
    2. repec:spr:opsear:v:55:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s12597-018-0332-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Natalya Zelenyuk & Valentin Zelenyuk, 2015. "Productivity Drivers of Efficiency in Banking: Importance of Model Specifications," CEPA Working Papers Series WP082015, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
    4. Claudia Curi & Ana Lozano-Vivas, 2015. "Financial center productivity and innovation prior to and during the financial crisis," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 43(3), pages 351-365, June.
    5. Lee, Chi-Chuan & Huang, Tai-Hsin, 2016. "Productivity changes in pre-crisis Western European banks: Does scale effect really matter?," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 29-48.
    6. Thilakaweera, Bolanda Hewa & Harvie, Charles & Arjomandi, Amir, 2016. "Branch expansion and banking efficiency in Sri Lanka’s post‐conflict era," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 45-57.
    7. repec:spr:rvmgts:v:13:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s11846-017-0255-y is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:kap:jbuset:v:151:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10551-016-3192-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Natalya Zelenyuk & Valentin Zelenyuk, 2014. "Regional and Ownership Drivers of Bank Efficiency," CEPA Working Papers Series WP112014, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign bank efficiency; Home-host country characteristics; Bank regulation; Data envelopment analysis; Bootstrap; G15; G21; G28; C14;

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General

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