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Agricultural productivity and economic development: the contribution of clover to structural transformation in Denmark

Author

Listed:
  • Torben Dall Schmidt

    () (University of Southern Denmark)

  • Peter Sandholt Jensen

    () (University of Southern Denmark)

  • Amber Naz

    () (University of Southern Denmark)

Abstract

Abstract This paper contributes to the debate on the impact of agricultural productivity on long run economic development. It presents evidence that widespread adoption of clover contributed to local economic development based on a panel of 56 Danish market towns. We adopt a differences-in-differences approach augmented by an instrumental variable and find that the adoption of clover accounts for about 8 percent of the growth in market town population from 1672 to 1901. The analysis suggests that the effect of the adoption of clover on the process of development was mediated by its impact on human capital formation.

Suggested Citation

  • Torben Dall Schmidt & Peter Sandholt Jensen & Amber Naz, 2018. "Agricultural productivity and economic development: the contribution of clover to structural transformation in Denmark," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 23(4), pages 387-426, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jecgro:v:23:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1007_s10887-018-9159-1
    DOI: 10.1007/s10887-018-9159-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Radu, Cristina Victoria, 2019. "Real wages, labour conditions and the standard of living in Denmark: 1500-1900," Discussion Papers of Business and Economics 2/2019, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Business and Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agricultural productivity; Clover; Urbanization;

    JEL classification:

    • N1 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations
    • N9 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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