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The dynamic behaviour of asset prices in disequilibrium: a survey

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  • Carl Chiarella
  • Roberto Dieci
  • Xue-Zhong He

Abstract

This article surveys boundedly rational heterogeneous agent (BRHA) models of financial markets. We give particular emphasis to the role of the market clearing mechanism used, the utility function of the investors, the interaction of price and wealth dynamics, and calibration of this class of models. Due to agents' behavioural features and market noise, the BRHA class of models are both non-linear and stochastic. We show that BRHA models produce both a locally stable fundamental equilibrium corresponding to that of the standard paradigm, as well as instability with a consequent rich range of possible complex behaviours that are analysed by both simulation and deterministic bifurcation analysis. A calibrated model is able to reproduce quite well the stylised facts of financial markets. The BRHA framework seems able to better accommodate market features such as fat tails, volatility clustering, large excursions from the fundamental and bubbles than the standard financial market paradigm.

Suggested Citation

  • Carl Chiarella & Roberto Dieci & Xue-Zhong He, 2011. "The dynamic behaviour of asset prices in disequilibrium: a survey," International Journal of Behavioural Accounting and Finance, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(2), pages 101-139.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijbeaf:v:2:y:2011:i:2:p:101-139
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    3. Carl Chiarella & Xue-Zhong He & Min Zheng, 2007. "The Stochastic Dynamics of Speculative Prices," Research Paper Series 208, Quantitative Finance Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney.
    4. Christian Lax & Torsten Trimborn, 2019. "From Disequilibrium Markets to Equilibrium," Papers 1912.09679, arXiv.org.
    5. Zhu, Mei & Wang, Duo & Guo, Maozheng, 2011. "Stochastic equilibria of an asset pricing model with heterogeneous beliefs and random dividends," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 131-147, January.
    6. Fredj Jawadi & Wael Louhichi & Abdoulkarim Idi Cheffou & Hachmi Ben Ameur, 2019. "Modeling time-varying beta in a sustainable stock market with a three-regime threshold GARCH model," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 281(1), pages 275-295, October.
    7. Torsten Trimborn & Philipp Otte & Simon Cramer & Maximilian Beikirch & Emma Pabich & Martin Frank, 2020. "SABCEMM: A Simulator for Agent-Based Computational Economic Market Models," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 55(2), pages 707-744, February.
    8. Zhu, Mei & Chiarella, Carl & He, Xue-Zhong & Wang, Duo, 2009. "Does the market maker stabilize the market?," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 388(15), pages 3164-3180.
    9. Torsten Trimborn & Philipp Otte & Simon Cramer & Max Beikirch & Emma Pabich & Martin Frank, 2018. "SABCEMM-A Simulator for Agent-Based Computational Economic Market Models," Papers 1801.01811, arXiv.org, revised Oct 2018.

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