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Exports, Imports and Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis of Tunisia

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  • Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye
  • Houda Ben Haj Boubaker

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the export-led growth, import-led growth and foreign debt sustainability hypotheses in the case of Tunisia by using annual time series data for the period 1960-2008. Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach is employed to determine the long-run relationship or direction of long-run causality between exports, imports and GDP, and the strength of causal relationship is examined by using variance decomposition method. The results indicate unidirectional causality from exports to economic growth and bidirectional relationship between imports and economic growth. Thus, both export-led growth and import-led growth are valid for Tunisia. On the other hand, there is bidirectional association between exports and imports. The long-run elasticity of exports with respect to imports is 1.02 and long-run elasticity of imports with respect to exports is 0.86. Thus, foreign debt is weakly sustainable in the case of Tunisia. The empirical findings of the study are important for policy makers of Tunisia in the formulation of trade policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye & Houda Ben Haj Boubaker, 2011. "Exports, Imports and Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis of Tunisia," The IUP Journal of Monetary Economics, IUP Publications, vol. 0(1), pages 6-21, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:icf:icfjmo:v:09:y:2011:i:1:p:6-21
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Hashim, Khairul & Masih, Mansur, 2014. "What causes economic growth in Malaysia: exports or imports ?," MPRA Paper 62366, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Adel Shakeeb Mohsen, 2015. "Effects of Oil and Non-Oil Exports on the Economic Growth of Syria," Academic Journal of Economic Studies, Faculty of Finance, Banking and Accountancy Bucharest,"Dimitrie Cantemir" Christian University Bucharest, vol. 1(2), pages 69-78, June.
    3. Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye, 2012. "Exports, imports and economic growth in China: an ARDL analysis," Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(1), pages 42-55, February.
    4. repec:eee:ecanpo:v:54:y:2017:i:c:p:15-25 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Nurhaliq, Puteri & Masih, Mansur, 2016. "Export orientation vs import substitution : which strategy should the government adopt? Evidence from Malaysia," MPRA Paper 82113, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Hye, Qazi Muhammad Adnan & Wizarat, Shahida & Lau, Wee-Yeap, 2013. "Trade-led growth hypothesis: An empirical analysis of South Asian countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 654-660.
    7. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki, 2017. "Impact Of Exports And Imports On Economic Growth: New Evidence From Panama," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 2(1), pages 67-79, March.

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