IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/gam/jsusta/v8y2016i5p462-d69739.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

GHG Emissions, Economic Growth and Urbanization: A Spatial Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Li Li

    () (Department Urban Planning and Management of Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, UTSZ Harbin Institute of Technology Campus, ShenZhen 518055, China)

  • Xuefei Hong

    () (Department Urban Planning and Management of Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, UTSZ Harbin Institute of Technology Campus, ShenZhen 518055, China)

  • Dengli Tang

    () (Department Urban Planning and Management of Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, UTSZ Harbin Institute of Technology Campus, ShenZhen 518055, China)

  • Ming Na

    () (School of Economics, Hefei University of Technology, 485 Danxia Road, Hefei 230601, China)

Abstract

To gain a greater understanding of the spatial spillover effect of greenhouse gas emissions and their influencing factors, this paper provides a spatial analysis of four gas pollutants (CO 2 emissions, SO 2 emissions, NO x emissions, and dust emissions). Focusing on China, the paper also explores whether the four gas pollutants are influenced by the emissions of neighboring regions and other possible sources. The paper uses a global spatial autocorrelation analysis, local spatial association analysis and spatial lag model for empirical work. The results suggest that CO 2 , SO 2 , and NO x emissions show significant positive results for both the spatial correlation and space cluster effect in provincial space distribution.CO 2 and NO x emissions have a significant positive spillover effect, while the SO 2 emissions’ spatial spillover effect is positive but not significant. Economic growth and urbanization are the key determinants of CO 2 , dust, and NO x emissions, while energy efficiency and industrialization do not appear to play a role. This raises questions about the method of examining the spatial relationship between gas pollution, economic growth and urbanization in the future.

Suggested Citation

  • Li Li & Xuefei Hong & Dengli Tang & Ming Na, 2016. "GHG Emissions, Economic Growth and Urbanization: A Spatial Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(5), pages 1-16, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:5:p:462-:d:69739
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/8/5/462/pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/8/5/462/
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Zhao, Xueting & Burnett, J. Wesley & Fletcher, Jerald J., 2013. "Spatial Analysis of China Provincial-Level CO2 Emission Intensity," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 149006, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Wagner, Martin, 2008. "The carbon Kuznets curve: A cloudy picture emitted by bad econometrics?," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 388-408, August.
    3. Yu Liu & Hongwei Xiao & Precious Zikhali & Yingkang Lv, 2014. "Carbon Emissions in China: A Spatial Econometric Analysis at the Regional Level," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(9), pages 1-19, September.
    4. Justin Tevie & Kristine M. Grimsrud & Robert P. Berrens, 2011. "Testing the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis for Biodiversity Risk in the US: A Spatial Econometric Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(11), pages 1-18, November.
    5. Albu, Lucian Liviu, 2007. "Spatial Econometrics - Applications To Investigate Distribution Of Co2 Emission In Europe," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 4(1), pages 45-56, March.
    6. Joshua D. Woodard & Gary D. Schnitkey & Bruce J. Sherrick & Nancy Lozano‐Gracia & Luc Anselin, 2012. "A Spatial Econometric Analysis of Loss Experience in the U.S. Crop Insurance Program," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 79(1), pages 261-286, March.
    7. Wayne B. Gray & Ronald J. Shadbegian, 2007. "The Environmental Performance Of Polluting Plants: A Spatial Analysis," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 63-84.
    8. Mishra, Vinod & Smyth, Russell & Sharma, Susan, 2009. "The energy-GDP nexus: Evidence from a panel of Pacific Island countries," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 210-220, August.
    9. Cole, Matthew A. & Elliott, Robert J.R. & Okubo, Toshihiro & Zhou, Ying, 2013. "The carbon dioxide emissions of firms: A spatial analysis," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 290-309.
    10. Burnett, J. Wesley & Bergstrom, John C. & Wetzstein, Michael E., 2013. "Carbon dioxide emissions and economic growth in the U.S," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 1014-1028.
    11. Verbeke, Tom & De Clercq, Marc, 2006. "The income-environment relationship: Evidence from a binary response model," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(4), pages 419-428, October.
    12. Matthew A. Cole & Eric Neumayer, 2003. "Examining the Impact of Demographic Factors On Air Pollution," Labor and Demography 0312005, EconWPA, revised 13 May 2004.
    13. Atsushi Kurosawa & Hiroshi Yagita & Weisheng Zhou & Koji Tokimatsu & Yukio Yanagisawa, 1999. "Analysis of Carbon Emission Stabilization Targets and Adaptation by Integrated Assessment Model," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Special I), pages 157-175.
    14. Andrea Cirilli & Paolo Veneri, 2014. "Spatial Structure and Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) Emissions Due to Commuting: An Analysis of Italian Urban Areas," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(12), pages 1993-2005, December.
    15. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:2:p:-:d:64088 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Kahn, Matthew E. & Kok, Nils & Quigley, John M., 2014. "Carbon emissions from the commercial building sector: The role of climate, quality, and incentives," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1-12.
    17. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:2:p:180:d:64088 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Dhakal, Shobhakar, 2009. "Urban energy use and carbon emissions from cities in China and policy implications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4208-4219, November.
    19. Roberts, J. Timmons & Grimes, Peter E., 1997. "Carbon intensity and economic development 1962-1991: A brief exploration of the environmental Kuznets curve," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 191-198, February.
    20. Agostini, Paola & Botteon, Michele & Carraro, Carlo, 1992. "A carbon tax to reduce CO2 emissions in Europe," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 279-290, October.
    21. Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada & Bengochea-Morancho, Aurelia, 2004. "Pooled mean group estimation of an environmental Kuznets curve for CO2," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 121-126, January.
    22. Chikaraishi, Makoto & Fujiwara, Akimasa & Kaneko, Shinji & Poumanyvong, Phetkeo & Komatsu, Satoru & Kalugin, Andrey, 2015. "The moderating effects of urbanization on carbon dioxide emissions: A latent class modeling approach," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 90(PA), pages 302-317.
    23. Akbari, H. & Konopacki, S., 2005. "Calculating energy-saving potentials of heat-island reduction strategies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 721-756, April.
    24. Selden Thomas M. & Song Daqing, 1995. "Neoclassical Growth, the J Curve for Abatement, and the Inverted U Curve for Pollution," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 162-168, September.
    25. Giuseppe Ioppolo & Stefano Cucurachi & Roberta Salomone & Giuseppe Saija & Lei Shi, 2016. "Sustainable Local Development and Environmental Governance: A Strategic Planning Experience," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(2), pages 1-16, February.
    26. Dinda, Soumyananda, 2005. "A theoretical basis for the environmental Kuznets curve," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 403-413, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    spatial correlation; greenhouse gas; carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions; sulfur dioxide emissions; spatial lag modeling;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:5:p:462-:d:69739. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (XML Conversion Team). General contact details of provider: http://www.mdpi.com/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.