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GHG Emissions, Economic Growth and Urbanization: A Spatial Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Li Li

    () (Department Urban Planning and Management of Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, UTSZ Harbin Institute of Technology Campus, ShenZhen 518055, China)

  • Xuefei Hong

    () (Department Urban Planning and Management of Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, UTSZ Harbin Institute of Technology Campus, ShenZhen 518055, China)

  • Dengli Tang

    () (Department Urban Planning and Management of Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, UTSZ Harbin Institute of Technology Campus, ShenZhen 518055, China)

  • Ming Na

    () (School of Economics, Hefei University of Technology, 485 Danxia Road, Hefei 230601, China)

Abstract

To gain a greater understanding of the spatial spillover effect of greenhouse gas emissions and their influencing factors, this paper provides a spatial analysis of four gas pollutants (CO 2 emissions, SO 2 emissions, NO x emissions, and dust emissions). Focusing on China, the paper also explores whether the four gas pollutants are influenced by the emissions of neighboring regions and other possible sources. The paper uses a global spatial autocorrelation analysis, local spatial association analysis and spatial lag model for empirical work. The results suggest that CO 2 , SO 2 , and NO x emissions show significant positive results for both the spatial correlation and space cluster effect in provincial space distribution.CO 2 and NO x emissions have a significant positive spillover effect, while the SO 2 emissions’ spatial spillover effect is positive but not significant. Economic growth and urbanization are the key determinants of CO 2 , dust, and NO x emissions, while energy efficiency and industrialization do not appear to play a role. This raises questions about the method of examining the spatial relationship between gas pollution, economic growth and urbanization in the future.

Suggested Citation

  • Li Li & Xuefei Hong & Dengli Tang & Ming Na, 2016. "GHG Emissions, Economic Growth and Urbanization: A Spatial Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(5), pages 1-16, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:5:p:462-:d:69739
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