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The investigation of environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in the advanced economies: The role of energy prices

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  • Al-Mulali, Usama
  • Ozturk, Ilhan

Abstract

The aim of this research is to examine the effect of energy prices on pollution and investigate the existence of environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis in 27 advanced economies. The panel non-stationary techniques were used to examine the selected economies taking the period of 1990–2012. The panel Kao and Fisher cointegration results showed that CO2 emission (CO2), gross domestic product (GDP), renewable energy consumption (RE), non-renewable energy consumption (NR), trade openness (TD), urbanization (UR), and energy prices (PC) are cointegrated. Moreover, the panel fully modified ordinary least square and the vector error correction Granger causality results revealed that GDP, NR, and UR increase CO2 emission while RE, TD, and PC reduce it. Furthermore, the inverted U-shaped relationship between GDP and CO2 emission was confirmed which signifies the presence of the EKC hypothesis. From the obtained results, multiple policy implications were provided for the investigated countries to help them control and reduce air pollution without harming their economic growth and development.

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  • Al-Mulali, Usama & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2016. "The investigation of environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in the advanced economies: The role of energy prices," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1622-1631.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:54:y:2016:i:c:p:1622-1631 DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.10.131
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    Cited by:

    1. Lars Sorge & Anne Neumann, 2017. "The Nexus of CO2 Emissions, Energy Consumption, Economic Growth, and Trade-Openness in WTO Countries," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1699, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Alvarez-Herranz, Agustin & Balsalobre-Lorente, Daniel & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Cantos, José María, 2017. "Energy innovation and renewable energy consumption in the correction of air pollution levels," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 386-397.
    3. repec:eee:energy:v:138:y:2017:i:c:p:721-727 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Dogan, Eyup & Seker, Fahri, 2016. "The influence of real output, renewable and non-renewable energy, trade and financial development on carbon emissions in the top renewable energy countries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 1074-1085.
    5. repec:eee:rensus:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:239-245 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Manuel A. Zambrano-Monserrate & Ivanna Valverde-Bajaña & Joseph Aguilar-Bohórquez & María Mendoza-Jiménez, 2016. "Relationship Between Economic Growth and Environmental Degradation: Is there an Environmental Evidence of Kuznets Curve for Brazil?," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 6(2), pages 208-216.
    7. repec:ebl:ecbull:eb-17-00684 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Can, Muhlis & Gozgor, Giray, 2016. "Dynamic Relationships among CO2 Emissions, Energy Consumption, Economic Growth, and Economic Complexity in France," MPRA Paper 70373, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Onater-Isberk, Esra, 2016. "Environmental Kuznets curve under noncarbohydrate energy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 338-347.
    10. Ameer, Ayesha & Munir, Kashif, 2016. "Effect of Economic Growth, Trade Openness, Urbanization, and Technology on Environment of Selected Asian Countries," MPRA Paper 74571, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    Keywords

    CO2 emission; Energy prices; EKC hypothesis; Advanced economies;

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