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SO2 emissions and the environmental Kuznets curve: the case of Chinese provinces

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  • Matthieu Llorca
  • Andre Meunie

Abstract

This paper aims at estimating the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) for the sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions in a panel of 28 Chinese provinces. First, using a fixed effects model, econometric findings reveal an N shape EKC with a turning point of 4500 yuans (index 1990). However, a Chow test reveals a break in 1995, so that the estimation of the model indicates an increasing linear relationship between GDP per capita and SO2 emissions. The previous results imply that the decrease of the Chinese sulphur dioxide emissions during 1996-1999 did not result from the ECK but from an exogenous public action.

Suggested Citation

  • Matthieu Llorca & Andre Meunie, 2009. "SO2 emissions and the environmental Kuznets curve: the case of Chinese provinces," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(1), pages 1-16.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jocebs:v:7:y:2009:i:1:p:1-16
    DOI: 10.1080/14765280802604656
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Tingsong Jiang, 2003. "Economic Instruments of Pollution Control in an Imperfect World," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 3281.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:2:p:367-:d:129585 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jayanthakumaran, Kankesu & Liu, Ying, 2012. "Openness and the Environmental Kuznets Curve: Evidence from China," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 566-576.
    3. Al-Mulali, Usama & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2016. "The investigation of environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in the advanced economies: The role of energy prices," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1622-1631.
    4. Tiba, Sofien & Omri, Anis, 2017. "Literature survey on the relationships between energy, environment and economic growth," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 1129-1146.
    5. repec:eee:rensus:v:82:y:2018:i:p3:p:4170-4178 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Anna Shostya, 2016. "Ambient Air Pollution in China: Predicting a Turning Point," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 22(3), pages 295-307, August.
    7. Duo Qin, 2010. "Long-term Nexus of Industrial Pollution and Income in China," Working Papers 659, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
    8. Al-Mulali, Usama & Saboori, Behnaz & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2015. "Investigating the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in Vietnam," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 123-131.
    9. Charfeddine, Lanouar & Ben Khediri, Karim, 2016. "Financial development and environmental quality in UAE: Cointegration with structural breaks," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 1322-1335.
    10. repec:eee:enepol:v:114:y:2018:i:c:p:315-322 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Mrabet, Zouhair & Alsamara, Mouyad, 2017. "Testing the Kuznets Curve hypothesis for Qatar: A comparison between carbon dioxide and ecological footprint," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 1366-1375.
    12. Afees A. Salisu & Lateef O. Akanni & Ahamuefula Ephraim Ogbonna, 2018. "Forecasting CO2 emissions: Does the choice of estimator matter?," Working Papers 045, Centre for Econometric and Allied Research, University of Ibadan.

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