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Validating the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in India and China: The role of hydroelectricity consumption

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  • Adebola Solarin, Sakiru
  • Al-Mulali, Usama
  • Ozturk, Ilhan

Abstract

The aim of this research is to examine the link between CO2 emissions, hydroelectricity consumption, urbanisation and real GDP in China and India during the period of 1965–2013. The long-run cointegration is investigated by the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach, which is augmented with structural breaks. We employ the ARDL cointegration test to establish long run relationship in the variables. Furthermore, we use the ARDL to show that real GDP and urbanisation have long-run positive impact on emission, while hydroelectricity consumption exerts long-run negative impact on emission in both countries. The results support the existence of environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis in China and India. Besides, the paper assesses the causal link between the variables by using Granger causality procedures and the results show that there is long-run bidirectional relationship between the variables in both countries.

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  • Adebola Solarin, Sakiru & Al-Mulali, Usama & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2017. "Validating the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in India and China: The role of hydroelectricity consumption," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 1578-1587.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:80:y:2017:i:c:p:1578-1587
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.07.028
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    Cited by:

    1. Pata, Ugur Korkut, 2018. "The influence of coal and noncarbohydrate energy consumption on CO2 emissions: Revisiting the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis for Turkey," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 160(C), pages 1115-1123.
    2. Zafar, Muhammad Wasif & Zaidi, Syed Anees Haider & Khan, Naveed R. & Mirza, Faisal Mehmood & Hou, Fujun & Kirmani, Syed Ali Ashiq, 2019. "The impact of natural resources, human capital, and foreign direct investment on the ecological footprint: The case of the United States," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 1-1.
    3. Hongzhong Fan & Md Ismail Hossain, 2018. "Technological Innovation, Trade Openness, CO2 Emission and Economic Growth: Comparative Analysis between China and India," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 8(6), pages 240-257.
    4. Jiang, Jingjing & Ye, Bin & Liu, Junguo, 2019. "Research on the peak of CO2 emissions in the developing world: Current progress and future prospect," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 235(C), pages 186-203.
    5. Hongzhong Fan & Md Ismail Hossain & Mollah Aminul Islam & Yassin Elshain Yahia, 2019. "The Impact of Trade, Technology and Growth on Environmental Deterioration of China and India," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 9(1), pages 1-29, January.
    6. Bello, Mufutau Opeyemi & Solarin, Sakiru Adebola & Yen, Yuen Yee, 2018. "Hydropower and potential for interfuel substitution: The case of electricity sector in Malaysia," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 966-983.

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    Keywords

    CO2 emissions; Hydroelectricity consumption; Real GDP; Urbanisation;

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