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House prices and marriage entry in China

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  • Wrenn, Douglas H.
  • Yi, Junjian
  • Zhang, Bo

Abstract

Rates of initial marriage have fallen in China since the late 1980s. This study ascribes part of this decline to a rise in house prices over the same period. Chinese social norms mandate the purchase of a home prior to marriage. We hypothesize that this custom, combined with rising house prices, has discouraged young adults from entering marriage for the first time. We test this hypothesis with an instrumental variable duration model using micro data on marriage entry and city-level data on house prices from 2000 through 2005 in urban China. Our results demonstrate that initial marriage rates declined by 0.31% for a 1% increase in house prices. This result is robust across a number of different model specifications.

Suggested Citation

  • Wrenn, Douglas H. & Yi, Junjian & Zhang, Bo, 2019. "House prices and marriage entry in China," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 118-130.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:74:y:2019:i:c:p:118-130
    DOI: 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2018.12.001
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    Cited by:

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    3. Srivastava, Abhinav & Mukherjee, Srabanti & Jebarajakirthy, Charles, 2020. "Aspirational consumption at the bottom of pyramid: A review of literature and future research directions," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 246-259.
    4. Yi-Lung Chen & Dian-Jeng Li & Ying-Yeh Chen & Cheng-Fang Yen, 2024. "The impact of housing-price-related indices on suicide rates in Taiwan," International Journal of Social Psychiatry, , vol. 70(1), pages 40-47, February.
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    6. Liu, Jing & Xing, Chunbing & Zhang, Qiong, 2020. "House price, fertility rates and reproductive intentions," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    7. Zhang, Shiying & Wang, Qing & Xiao, Yao & Zhang, Yilin, 2023. "Internet exposure during adolescence and age at first marriage," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C).
    8. Hong Liu & Lili Liu & Fei Wang, 2023. "Housing wealth and fertility: evidence from China," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 36(1), pages 359-395, January.
    9. Li, Feng & Xiao, Jing Jian & Cai, Feiying, 2019. "Wealth, labor supply and life satisfaction: The case of urban housing demolition in China," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 183(C), pages 1-1.
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    14. James Alm & Weizheng Lai & Xun Li, 2022. "Housing market regulations and strategic divorce propensity in China," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 35(3), pages 1103-1131, July.
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    18. Meng, Lina & Peng, Lu & Zhou, Yinggang, 2023. "Do housing booms reduce fertility intentions? Evidence from the new two-child policy in China," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    House prices; Marriage; China; Duration models;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand

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