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Short-term rentals and the housing market: Quasi-experimental evidence from Airbnb in Los Angeles

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  • Koster, Hans R.A.
  • van Ommeren, Jos
  • Volkhausen, Nicolas

Abstract

Online short-term rental (STR) platforms such as Airbnb have grown spectacularly. We study the effects of regulation of these platforms on the housing market using a quasi-experimental research design. 18 out of 88 cities in Los Angeles County have severely restricted short-term rentals by adopting Home Sharing Ordinances. We apply a panel regression-discontinuity design around the cities’ borders. Ordinances reduced listings by 50% and housing prices by 2%. Additional difference-in-differences estimates show that ordinances reduced rents also by 2%. These estimates imply large effects of Airbnb on property values in areas attractive to tourists (e.g. an increase in house prices of 15% within 2.5km of Hollywood’s Walk of Fame).

Suggested Citation

  • Koster, Hans R.A. & van Ommeren, Jos & Volkhausen, Nicolas, 2021. "Short-term rentals and the housing market: Quasi-experimental evidence from Airbnb in Los Angeles," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:124:y:2021:i:c:s0094119021000383
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2021.103356
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    Cited by:

    1. David López-Rodríguez & María de los Llanos Matea, 2019. "Recent developments in the rental housing market in Spain," Economic Bulletin, Banco de España, issue SEP, pages 1-19.
    2. Maximilian Schäfer & Kevin Ducbao Tran, 2020. "Airbnb, Hotels, and Localized Competition," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1889, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    3. Tomaso Duso & Claus Michelsen & Maximilian Schäfer & Kevin Ducbao Tran, 2021. "Airbnb and Rental Markets: Evidence from Berlin," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 21/746, School of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
    4. Mavropoulos, Antonios, 2021. "To rent or not to rent: A household finance perspective on Berlin's short-term rental regulation," IWH Discussion Papers 1/2021, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    5. Tomaso Duso & Claus Michelsen & Maximilian Schäfer & Kevin Ducbao Tran, 2020. "Airbnb and Rents: Evidence from Berlin," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1890, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    6. Maike Gossen & Jonas Pentzien & Jan Peuckert, 2019. "What use is it really for sustainability? Potentials and impacts of peer-to-peer sharing in the domains of accommodation and mobility," NachhaltigkeitsManagementForum | Sustainability Management Forum, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 125-138, June.
    7. Chung-Yim Yiu & Ka-Shing Cheung, 2021. "Urban Zoning for Sustainable Tourism: A Continuum of Accommodation to Enhance City Resilience," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(13), pages 1-15, June.
    8. Dirección General de Economía y Estadística, 2020. "El mercado de la vivienda en España entre 2014 y 2019," Occasional Papers 2013, Banco de España.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Short-term rentals; Souse prices; Regulation; Supply effects; Externalities;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets
    • Z32 - Other Special Topics - - Tourism Economics - - - Tourism and Development

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