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Short-term rentals and the housing market: Quasi-experimental evidence from Airbnb in Los Angeles

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  • Koster, Hans R.A.
  • van Ommeren, Jos
  • Volkhausen, Nicolas

Abstract

Online short-term rental (STR) platforms such as Airbnb have grown spectacularly. We study the effects of regulation of these platforms on the housing market using a quasi-experimental research design. 18 out of 88 cities in Los Angeles County have severely restricted short-term rentals by adopting Home Sharing Ordinances. We apply a panel regression-discontinuity design around the cities’ borders. Ordinances reduced listings by 50% and housing prices by 2%. Additional difference-in-differences estimates show that ordinances reduced rents also by 2%. These estimates imply large effects of Airbnb on property values in areas attractive to tourists (e.g. an increase in house prices of 15% within 2.5km of Hollywood’s Walk of Fame).

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  • Koster, Hans R.A. & van Ommeren, Jos & Volkhausen, Nicolas, 2021. "Short-term rentals and the housing market: Quasi-experimental evidence from Airbnb in Los Angeles," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:124:y:2021:i:c:s0094119021000383
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2021.103356
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    Cited by:

    1. Christian A. L. Hilber & Olivier Schoni, 2022. "Housing policy and affordable housing," CEP Occasional Papers 56, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    2. Tomaso Duso & Claus Michelsen & Maximilian Schäfer & Kevin Ducbao Tran, 2021. "Airbnb and Rental Markets: Evidence from Berlin," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 21/746, School of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
    3. Maike Gossen & Jonas Pentzien & Jan Peuckert, 2019. "What use is it really for sustainability? Potentials and impacts of peer-to-peer sharing in the domains of accommodation and mobility," NachhaltigkeitsManagementForum | Sustainability Management Forum, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 125-138, June.
    4. Garcia-López, Miquel-Àngel & Jofre-Monseny, Jordi & Martínez-Mazza, Rodrigo & Segú, Mariona, 2020. "Do short-term rental platforms affect housing markets? Evidence from Airbnb in Barcelona," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C).
    5. Chung-Yim Yiu & Ka-Shing Cheung, 2021. "Urban Zoning for Sustainable Tourism: A Continuum of Accommodation to Enhance City Resilience," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(13), pages 1-15, June.
    6. Catalina Llaneza Hesse & Josep Maria Raya Vílchez, 2022. "The effect of COVID-19 on the peer-to-peer rental market," Tourism Economics, , vol. 28(1), pages 222-247, February.
    7. Batalha, Mafalda & Gonçalves, Duarte & Peralta, Susana & Pereira dos Santos, João, 2022. "The virus that devastated tourism: The impact of covid-19 on the housing market," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(C).
    8. Helen X. H. Bao & Saul Shah, 2020. "The Impact of Home Sharing on Residential Real Estate Markets," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 13(8), pages 1-18, July.
    9. Gonçalves, Duarte & Peralta, Susana & Pereira dos Santos, João, 2022. "Short-Term Rental Bans and Housing Prices: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Lisbon," IZA Discussion Papers 15706, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. David López-Rodríguez & María de los Llanos Matea, 2019. "Recent developments in the rental housing market in Spain," Economic Bulletin, Banco de España, issue SEP, pages 1-19.
    11. Maximilian Schäfer & Kevin Ducbao Tran, 2020. "Airbnb, Hotels, and Localized Competition," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1889, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    12. Mavropoulos, Antonios, 2021. "To rent or not to rent: A household finance perspective on Berlin's short-term rental regulation," IWH Discussion Papers 1/2021, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    13. Tomaso Duso & Claus Michelsen & Maximilian Schäfer & Kevin Ducbao Tran, 2020. "Airbnb and Rents: Evidence from Berlin," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1890, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    14. Lauriane Belloy, 2022. "Short-term rental revenues after the lockdown : An advantage for natural areas but always in dense rental spaces," Working Papers hal-03671537, HAL.
    15. Dirección General de Economía y Estadística, 2020. "El mercado de la vivienda en España entre 2014 y 2019," Occasional Papers 2013, Banco de España.
    16. Gruhl, Henri & Volkhausen, Nicolas & Pestel, Nico & aus dem Moore, Nils, 2022. "Air pollution and the housing market: Evidence from Germany's Low Emission Zones," Ruhr Economic Papers 977, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Short-term rentals; Souse prices; Regulation; Supply effects; Externalities;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets
    • Z32 - Other Special Topics - - Tourism Economics - - - Tourism and Development

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