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When Walmart comes to town: Always low housing prices? Always?

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  • Pope, Devin G.
  • Pope, Jaren C.

Abstract

Walmart often faces strong local opposition when trying to build a new store. One common complaint is that Walmart lowers nearby housing prices. In this study we use over one million housing transactions located near 159 Walmarts that opened between 2000 and 2006 to test if the opening of a Walmart lowers housing prices. Using a difference-in-differences specification, our estimates suggest that a new Walmart store actually increases housing prices by between 2% and 3% for houses located within 0.5 miles of the store and by 1–2% for houses located between 0.5 and 1 mile.

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  • Pope, Devin G. & Pope, Jaren C., 2015. "When Walmart comes to town: Always low housing prices? Always?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 1-13.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:87:y:2015:i:c:p:1-13
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2014.10.004
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    11. McMillen, Daniel & Sarmiento-Barbieri, Ignacio & Singh, Ruchi, 2019. "Do more eyes on the street reduce Crime? Evidence from Chicago's safe passage program," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 1-25.
    12. Portillo, Javier E. & Wagner, Gary A., 2021. "Do cultural districts spur urban revitalization: Evidence from Louisiana," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 188(C), pages 651-673.
    13. Matthew E. Kahn & Nils Kok, 2014. "Big-Box Retailers and Urban Carbon Emissions: The Case of Wal-Mart," NBER Working Papers 19912, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov & Mihaescu, Oana & Öner, Özge & Rudholm, Niklas, 2019. "Retail and place attractiveness: The effects of big-box entry on property values," HFI Working Papers 1, Institute of Retail Economics (Handelns Forskningsinstitut).
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    16. Somekh, Babak, "undated". "Shopping In A Segregated City," Working Papers WP2014/5, University of Haifa, Department of Economics.
    17. Hyungsuk Byun & Barry Scholnick, 2017. "Spatial Commitment Devices and Addictive Goods: Evidence from the Removal of Slot Machines from Bars," Working Papers 17-34, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    18. Borrescio-Higa, Florencia, 2015. "Can Walmart make us healthier? Prescription drug prices and health care utilization," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 37-53.
    19. Lindgren, Charlie & Li, Yujiao & Rudholm, Niklas, 2020. "Why do firms compete on price comparison websites? The impact on productivity, profits, and wages," HFI Working Papers 14, Institute of Retail Economics (Handelns Forskningsinstitut).
    20. Donald Vandegrift, 2016. "The effect of Walmart and Target on property tax rates," Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 309-327, October.
    21. Yuan, Feng & Wu, Jiawei & Wei, Yehua Dennis & Wang, Lei, 2018. "Policy change, amenity, and spatiotemporal dynamics of housing prices in Nanjing, China," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 225-236.
    22. Florencia Borrescio, 2014. "Can Walmart make us healthier? The effect of Market Forces on Health Care Utilization," Working Papers wp_042, Adolfo Ibáñez University, School of Government.
    23. Hyun, Dongwoo & Milcheva, Stanimira, 2019. "Spatio-temporal effects of an urban development announcement and its cancellation on house prices: A quasi-natural experiment," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 23-36.
    24. Margaret Walls & Carolyn Kousky & Ziyan Chu, 2015. "Is What You See What You Get? The Value of Natural Landscape Views," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 91(1), pages 1-19.
    25. Song Zhang & Mark van Duijn & Arno J. van der Vlist, 2020. "The external effects of inner‐city shopping centers: Evidence from the Netherlands," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(4), pages 583-611, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Walmart; Housing prices;

    JEL classification:

    • R20 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - General

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