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Game of zones: The political economy of conservation areas

Author

Listed:
  • Ahlfeldt, Gabriel
  • Möller, Kristoffer
  • Waights, Sevrin
  • Wendland, Nicolai

Abstract

We develop and test a simple theory of the conservation area designation process in which we postulate that the level of designation is chosen to comply with interests of local homeowners. Conservation areas provide benefits to local homeowners by reducing uncertainty regarding the future of their area. At the same time, the restrictions impose a cost by limiting the degree to which properties can be altered. In line with our model predictions we find that an increase in preferences for historic character by the local pop-ulation increases the likelihood of a designation, and that new designations at the margin are not associat-ed with significant house price capitalisation effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Ahlfeldt, Gabriel & Möller, Kristoffer & Waights, Sevrin & Wendland, Nicolai, 2016. "Game of zones: The political economy of conservation areas," CEPR Discussion Papers 11146, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11146
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gibbons, Stephen & Machin, Stephen, 2005. "Valuing rail access using transport innovations," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 148-169, January.
    2. Gabriel Ahlfeldt, 2011. "If Alonso Was Right: Modeling Accessibility And Explaining The Residential Land Gradient," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(2), pages 318-338, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt & Nancy Holman, 2018. "Distinctively Different: A New Approach to Valuing Architectural Amenities," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 128(608), pages 1-33, February.
    2. Garcia-López, Miquel-Àngel & Pasidis, Ilias & Viladecans-Marsal, Elisabet, 2018. "Amphitheaters, cathedrals and operas: The role of historic amenities on suburbanization," CEPR Discussion Papers 13129, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Christian A. L. Hilber & Charles Palmer & Edward W. Pinchbeck, 2017. "The Energy Costs of Historic Preservation," SERC Discussion Papers 0217, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    4. repec:sae:niesru:v:245:y:2018:i:1:p:r9-r19 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:regeco:v:70:y:2018:i:c:p:35-56 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Gabriel Ahlfeldt & Pantelis Koutroumpis & Tommaso Valletti, 2017. "Speed 2.0: Evaluating Access to Universal Digital Highways," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 15(3), pages 586-625.
    7. Cuberes, David & Roberts, Jennifer & Sechel, Cristina, 2019. "Household location in English cities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 120-135.
    8. Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt & Wolfgang Maennig & Felix J. Richter, 2017. "Zoning in reunified Berlin," Working Papers 059, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
    9. Kristoffer Moeller, 2013. "Culturally clustered or in the cloud? Location of internet start-ups in Berlin," ERSA conference papers ersa13p455, European Regional Science Association.
    10. Mark van Duijn & Jan Rouwendal, 2015. "Sorting based on Urban Heritage and Income: Evidence from the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-030/VIII, Tinbergen Institute, revised 19 Mar 2018.
    11. Felix Richter, 2014. "Winner Picking in Urban Revitalization Policies: Empirical Evidence from Berlin," ERSA conference papers ersa14p1424, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Koster, Hans R.A. & van Ommeren, Jos & Volkhausen, Nicolas, 2018. "Short-term rentals and the housing market: Quasi-experimental evidence from Airbnb in Los Angeles," CEPR Discussion Papers 13094, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. repec:bla:jregsc:v:58:y:2018:i:4:p:728-758 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Mark van Duijn & Jan Rouwendal & Richard Boersema, 2014. "Transformations of Industrial Heritage: Insights into External Effects on House Prices," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-122/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    15. Waights, Sevrin, 2018. "Does gentrification displace poor households? An ‘identification-via-interaction’ approach," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 88691, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    16. Hans R.A. Koster & Jan Rouwendal, 2017. "Historic Amenities and Housing Externalities: Evidence from the Netherlands," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 127(605), pages 396-420, October.
    17. van Duijn, Mark & Rouwendal, Jan & Boersema, Richard, 2016. "Redevelopment of industrial heritage: Insights into external effects on house prices," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 91-107.
    18. repec:oup:cesifo:v:64:y:2018:i:2:p:216-240. is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Paul Cheshire, 2018. "Broken Market or Broken Policy? The Unintended Consequences of Restrictive Planning," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 245(1), pages 9-19, August.
    20. Sevrin Waights, 2016. "The Preservation of Historic Districts - Is it Worth it?," SERC Discussion Papers 0202, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    21. ., 2014. "Urban policies," Chapters,in: Urban Economics and Urban Policy, chapter 8, pages 185-218 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Designation; Difference-in-Differences; England; Gentrification; Heritage; Property Value;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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