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Banking business models and the nature of financial crisis

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  • Hryckiewicz, Aneta
  • Kozłowski, Łukasz

Abstract

In our paper, we analyze heterogeneity among the various business models that incorporate systemically important banks in 65 countries over the period of 2000–2012. For the first time, we identify true banking strategies in a portfolio context, that is, consisting of various combinations of bank assets and funding sources. Next, we estimate the way distinct strategies have affected bank profitability and risk before the crisis, as well as their impact on the mortgage crisis. We demonstrate that during the mortgage crisis, the investment model indicated the lowest individual risk and highest systemic risk simultaneously. Consequently, we document that the funding structure was responsible for the systemic effect of the mortgage crisis. Further, we demonstrate that countries with systemically important banks that rely on investment activities experience a greater, but more short-lived decline in GDP, when compared to countries that have predominantly traditional banking activities.

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  • Hryckiewicz, Aneta & Kozłowski, Łukasz, 2017. "Banking business models and the nature of financial crisis," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 1-24.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:71:y:2017:i:c:p:1-24
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2016.10.008
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    Cited by:

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    2. Jeon, Bang Nam & Wu, Ji & Chen, Limei & Chen, Minghua, 2020. "Diversification, efficiency and risk of banks: New consolidating evidence from emerging economies," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2020-10, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University.
    3. Paul Ovidiu Handro, 2019. "Business Models and Banking Regulation Are Going Forward," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(4), pages 168-178.
    4. Leo Haan & Jan Kakes, 2020. "European banks after the global financial crisis: peak accumulated losses, twin crises and business models," Journal of Banking Regulation, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 21(3), pages 197-211, September.
    5. Bernardo P. Marques & Carlos F. Alves, 2020. "Using clustering ensemble to identify banking business models," Intelligent Systems in Accounting, Finance and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(2), pages 66-94, April.
    6. Andrea Flori & Simone Giansante & Claudia Girardone & Fabio Pammolli, 2021. "Banks’ business strategies on the edge of distress," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 299(1), pages 481-530, April.
    7. David Grossmann & Peter Scholz, 2019. "The golden rule of banking: funding cost risks of bank business models," Journal of Banking Regulation, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 20(2), pages 174-196, June.
    8. Molterer, Manuel, 2019. "Tougher than the rest? The resilience of specialized financial intermediation to macroeconomic shocks," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 163-174.
    9. Leo Haan & Jan Kakes, 0. "European banks after the global financial crisis: peak accumulated losses, twin crises and business models," Journal of Banking Regulation, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 0, pages 1-15.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank risk; Business model; Bank regulation; Financial crisis; Banking stability; Systemic risk;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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