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Banking business models and the nature of financial crises

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  • Hryckiewicz, Aneta
  • Kozlowski, Lukasz

Abstract

In our paper we analyze the heterogeneity between various business models among systemically important banks in 65 countries over the period of 2000-2012. For the first time, we are able to identify true banking strategies consisting of different combinations of bank asset and funding sources and assess their impact on the mortgage crisis. We then estimate how distinct strategies have affected bank profitability and risk before the crisis, and what impact they have put on the mortgage crisis. Our results prove that the asset structure of banks was responsible for the systemic risk before the mortgage crisis, whereas the liability structure was responsible for the crisis itself. Finally, we show that countries with banks that rely on investment activities experienced a greater but more short-lived drop in GDP compared to countries that have a predominantly traditional banking sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Hryckiewicz, Aneta & Kozlowski, Lukasz, 2014. "Banking business models and the nature of financial crises," MPRA Paper 64072, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 09 Mar 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:64072
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Leo Haan & Jan Kakes, 0. "European banks after the global financial crisis: peak accumulated losses, twin crises and business models," Journal of Banking Regulation, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 0, pages 1-15.
    2. Götz, Martin & Krahnen, Jan Pieter & Tröger, Tobias, 2017. "Five years after the Liikanen Report: What have we learned?," SAFE White Paper Series 50, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    3. David Grossmann & Peter Scholz, 2019. "The golden rule of banking: funding cost risks of bank business models," Journal of Banking Regulation, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 20(2), pages 174-196, June.
    4. Simona Galletta & Sebastiano Mazzù, 2019. "Liquidity Risk Drivers and Bank Business Models," Risks, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(3), pages 1-18, August.
    5. Giuliana Birindelli & Paola Ferretti & Marco Savioli, 2016. "Basel 3: Does One Size Really Fit All Banks' Business Models?," Working Paper series 16-20, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
    6. Paul Ovidiu Handro, 2019. "Business Models and Banking Regulation Are Going Forward," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(4), pages 168-178.
    7. Giovanna Paladino & Zeno Rotondi, 2020. "Banking business models and risk: Findings from the ECB's comprehensive assessment," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 49(2), July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank risk; business model; bank regulation; financial crisis; banking stability; systemic risk;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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