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International diversification during the financial crisis: A blessing for equity investors?

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  • Vermeulen, Robert

Abstract

This paper empirically investigates international equity investors' foreign portfolios before and during the financial crisis by estimating a gravity model for 22 source and 42 destination countries during 2001–2009. The results show a significant negative relationship between foreign equity holdings and stock market correlations during the financial crisis, while there is no relationship before the crisis. When distinguishing between active and passive rebalancing, the results clearly indicate a significantly negative relationship between active rebalancing and correlations during the crisis. These findings hold as well at the individual country level when allowing for source country specific coefficients. An analysis from the perspective of each source country's representative investor, who optimizes mean-variance utility, shows that active rebalancing provides sizeable utility gains during the crisis. Finally, there is even a significantly negative relationship between future correlations and active rebalancing since 2007, suggesting that prior to the crisis investors already repositioned their country weights to markets with lower correlation during 2008–2009.

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  • Vermeulen, Robert, 2013. "International diversification during the financial crisis: A blessing for equity investors?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 104-123.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:35:y:2013:i:c:p:104-123
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2013.01.003
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    Cited by:

    1. Balli, Faruk & Basher, Syed Abul & Balli, Hatice Ozer, 2013. "International income risk-sharing and the global financial crisis of 2008–2009," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2303-2313.
    2. Irresberger, Felix & Mühlnickel, Janina & Weiß, Gregor N.F., 2015. "Explaining bank stock performance with crisis sentiment," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 311-329.
    3. Kim, In Joon & Kim, So Jung & Yoon, Sun-Joong, 2014. "A dark side of international capital market integration: Domestic investors' view," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 238-256.
    4. Fuinhas, José Alberto & Marques, António Cardoso & Nogueira, David Coito, 2014. "Análise VAR dos índices bolsistas SP500, FTSE100, PSI20, HSI e IBOVESPA
      [Integration of the indexes SP500, FTSE100, PSI20, HSI and IBOVESPA: A VAR approach]
      ," MPRA Paper 62092, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Feb 2015.
    5. repec:eee:jimfin:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:164-179 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Balli, Faruk & Basher, Syed Abul & Rana, Faisal, 2014. "The determinants of the volatility of returns on cross-border asset holdings," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 1-23.
    7. Alexander, Carol & Korovilas, Dimitris & Kapraun, Julia, 2016. "Diversification with volatility products," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 213-235.
    8. Kyungkeun Kim & Dongwon Lee, 2017. "Equity Market Globalization and Portfolio Rebalancing," Working Papers 2017-17, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
    9. MacDonald, Margaux, 2017. "International capital market frictions and spillovers from quantitative easing," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 135-156.
    10. Bijlsma, Melle & Vermeulen, Robert, 2016. "Insurance companies’ trading behaviour during the European sovereign debt crisis: Flight home or flight to quality?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 137-154.
    11. Hellmanzik, Christiane & Schmitz, Martin, 2017. "Taking gravity online: The role of virtual proximity in international finance," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 164-179.
    12. repec:eee:quaeco:v:67:y:2018:i:c:p:100-112 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:bap:journl:170403 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Lars Hornuf & Matthias Neuenkirch, 2017. "Pricing shares in equity crowdfunding," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 48(4), pages 795-811, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International portfolio choice; Financial integration; Stock market comovement;

    JEL classification:

    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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