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International investment positions revisited: Investor heterogeneity and individual security characteristics

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  • Martijn Boermans
  • Robert Vermeulen

Abstract

In this paper we show empirically how international investment positions are determined by investor heterogeneity and individual security characteristics. We do so by estimating a gravity model with newly available data that contains both domestic and international holdings of individual sectors from euro area countries in individual bonds and stocks. The five holding sectors (banks, insurers, pension funds, investment funds and households) all face barriers to international investments, but these differ both across sectors and between their bond and stock holdings. Furthermore, individual security characteristics affect portfolio choice across investors differently. For bonds we find that currency denomination, coupon type, maturity and eligibility as collateral for ECB transactions stand out. For equities we find that market values, currency denomination and dividend payments are important. Since holder sectors vary in size across countries we posit that cross-country differences in sectoral composition may lead to different transmission effects of financial shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Martijn Boermans & Robert Vermeulen, 2016. "International investment positions revisited: Investor heterogeneity and individual security characteristics," DNB Working Papers 531, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:dnb:dnbwpp:531
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    1. Burger, John D. & Warnock, Francis E. & Warnock, Veronica Cacdac, 2018. "Currency matters: Analyzing international bond portfolios," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 376-388.
    2. Bergant, Katharina & Fidora, Michael & Schmitz, Martin, 2018. "International capital flows at the security level – evidence from the ECB’s asset purchase programme," ECMI Papers 13926, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    3. Pelizzon, Loriana & Riedel, Max & Simon, Zorka & Subrahmanyam, Marti G., 2020. "Collateral eligibility of corporate debt in the Eurosystem," SAFE Working Paper Series 275, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    4. Martijn A. Boermans & Sweder van Wijnbergen, 2018. "Contingent convertible bonds: Who invests in European CoCos?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(4), pages 234-238, February.
    5. John Ammer & Alexandra Tabova & Stijn Claessens, 2018. "Searching for Yield Abroad: Risk-Taking through Foreign Investment in U.S. Bonds," 2018 Meeting Papers 960, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Carvalho, Daniel & Schmitz, Martin, 2021. "Shifts in the portfolio holdings of euro area investors in the midst of COVID-19: looking-through investment funds," Working Paper Series 2526, European Central Bank.
    7. John Ammer & Alexandra Tabova & Caleb Wroblewski, 2018. "Searching for yield abroad: risk-taking through foreign investment in U.S. bonds," BIS Working Papers 687, Bank for International Settlements.
    8. Ammer, John & Claessens, Stijn & Tabova, Alexandra & Wroblewski, Caleb, 2019. "Home country interest rates and international investment in U.S. bonds," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 212-227.
    9. Franziska Bremus & Tatsiana Kliatskova, 2018. "Legal Harmonization, Institutional Quality, and Countries' External Positions: A Sectoral Analysis," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1768, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    10. Bremus, Franziska & Kliatskova, Tatsiana, 2020. "Legal harmonization, institutional quality, and countries’ external positions: A sectoral analysis," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 107(C).
    11. Martijn Boermans & Robert Vermeulen, 2018. "Quantitative easing and preferred habitat investors in the euro area bond market," DNB Working Papers 586, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    12. Martijn Boermans & Bram van der Kroft, 2020. "Inflated credit ratings, regulatory arbitrage and capital requirements: Do investors strategically allocate bond portfolios?," DNB Working Papers 673, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    13. Bremus, Franziska & Kliatskova, Tatsiana, 2020. "Legal harmonization, institutional quality, and countries’ external positions: A sectoral analysis," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    international investment patterns; investor heterogeneity; securities holdings statistics;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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