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Crises and confidence: Systemic banking crises and depositor behavior

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  • Osili, Una Okonkwo
  • Paulson, Anna

Abstract

We show that individuals who have experienced a systemic banking crisis are 11 percentage points less likely to use banks in the U.S. than otherwise similar individuals who emigrated from the same country but did not live through a crisis. This finding is robust to controlling for exposure to other macroeconomic events and to various methods for addressing potential bias due to migrant self-selection. Consistent with the view that personal experience plays an important role in decision-making, the effects are larger for individuals who were older and more likely to have had wealth entrusted to the banking system at the time of the crisis and for people who experienced crises in countries without deposit insurance.

Suggested Citation

  • Osili, Una Okonkwo & Paulson, Anna, 2014. "Crises and confidence: Systemic banking crises and depositor behavior," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(3), pages 646-660.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:111:y:2014:i:3:p:646-660
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2013.11.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Brown & Helmut Stix, 2015. "The euroization of bank deposits in Eastern Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 30(81), pages 95-139.
    2. Boyle, Glenn & Stover, Roger & Tiwana, Amrit & Zhylyevskyy, Oleksandr, 2015. "The impact of deposit insurance on depositor behavior during a crisis: A conjoint analysis approach," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 590-601.
    3. Jan Brzozowski & Marco Cucculelli, 2016. "Learning from crisis: a systematic literature review," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 123, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    4. Jobst, Clemens & Stix, Helmut, 2017. "Assessing recent increases in cash demand," International Cash Conference 2017 – War on Cash: Is there a Future for Cash? 162916, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    5. Clemens Jobst & Helmut Stix, 2016. "Florin, crown, schilling and euro: an overview of 200 years of cash in Austria," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 94-119.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Systemic banking crises; Confidence; Deposit insurance; Reinforcement learning; Immigrants;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness

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