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Changes in the oil price-inflation pass-through

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  • Valcarcel, Victor J.
  • Wohar, Mark E.

Abstract

We estimate a Bayesian structural vector autoregression that allows for time-varying parameters and stochastic volatility in the errors to account for the effects of various aggregate shocks on the real price of oil. We employ US quarterly data from 1948:Q1 to 2011:Q2. We find that aggregate supply (‘AS’) shocks have a meaningful effect on oil prices only during the 1970s and early 1980s. Our estimates suggest that since the Great Moderation period, oil prices respond more to aggregate demand (‘AD’) than ‘AS’ shocks and the volatility in oil prices does not seem to be contagious for the volatility in overall inflation. Our results also imply a flattening of the Phillips Curve in the 1990s and 2000s. A preponderance of evidence suggests that oil price-inflation pass-through may have shifted from a supply-side to a demand-side phenomenon. This has important implications for the ability of monetary policy makers to dampen the effects of adverse oil shocks on the aggregate economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Valcarcel, Victor J. & Wohar, Mark E., 2013. "Changes in the oil price-inflation pass-through," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 24-42.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jebusi:v:68:y:2013:i:c:p:24-42
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeconbus.2013.03.001
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Oil prices; The Great Moderation; Stochastic volatility; Long-run restrictions; Sign restrictions; Markov Chain Monte Carlo; Structural vector autoregressions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes

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