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The inception of internationalization of small and medium enterprises: The role of activeness and networks

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  • Ciravegna, Luciano
  • Majano, Sara B.
  • Zhan, Ge

Abstract

This study analyzes how exporters begin their internationalization leveraging information collected through interviews with 109 Chinese textile manufacturers. It examines whether firms that found their first international clients through a “proactive” search are likely to export faster, more intensively, and to a larger number of markets. The findings illustrate that the proactiveness of the search for the first client in a foreign market is an important predictor of the intensity and geographic scope of the firm's internationalization path but not of its speed. They support the view of internationalization as an actively pursued entrepreneurial process, which may also be affected by serendipitous events. This study provides new evidence on the first international business discovery of Chinese exporters, contributing to the literature on international entrepreneurship, international new ventures and the network approach to internationalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Ciravegna, Luciano & Majano, Sara B. & Zhan, Ge, 2014. "The inception of internationalization of small and medium enterprises: The role of activeness and networks," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(6), pages 1081-1089.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbrese:v:67:y:2014:i:6:p:1081-1089
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2013.06.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Wood, Andy & Logar, Cyril M. & Riley, William B., 2015. "Initiating exporting: The role of managerial motivation in small to medium enterprises," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 68(11), pages 2358-2365.
    2. Rubina Romanello & Maria Chiarvesio, 2016. "The creation of foreign market knowledge across the growth phases of born globals," MERCATI E COMPETITIVITÀ, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2016(3), pages 69-85.
    3. Stefano Denicolai & Birgit Hagen & Alessia Pisoni, 2015. "Be international or be innovative? Be both? The role of the entrepreneurial profile," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 13(4), pages 390-417, December.
    4. Katharina Maria Hofer, 2015. "How Do Austrian Small and Medium-Sized Service Enterprises Internationalize? Entry Strategies into the Emerging Markets of Central and Eastern Europe and the Role of Relationships," International Journal of Business and Economics, College of Business and College of Finance, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan, vol. 14(1), pages 23-42, June.
    5. Lewandowska, Małgorzata Stefania & Szymura-Tyc, Maja & Gołębiowski, Tomasz, 2016. "Innovation complementarity, cooperation partners, and new product export: Evidence from Poland," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(9), pages 3673-3681.
    6. Pinho, José Carlos & Prange, Christiane, 2016. "The effect of social networks and dynamic internationalization capabilities on international performance," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 391-403.
    7. Rong, Ke & Wu, Jinxi & Shi, Yongjiang & Guo, Liang, 2015. "Nurturing business ecosystems for growth in a foreign market: Incubating, identifying and integrating stakeholders," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 293-308.
    8. Parida, Vinit & Patel, Pankaj C. & Wincent, Joakim & Kohtamäki, Marko, 2016. "Network partner diversity, network capability, and sales growth in small firms," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(6), pages 2113-2117.
    9. repec:krk:eberjl:v:3:y:2015:i:2:p:41-52 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:sgh:gosnar:y:2017:i:1:p:95-117 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Hernández-Perlines, Felipe & Moreno-García, Juan & Yañez-Araque, Benito, 2016. "The mediating role of competitive strategy in international entrepreneurial orientation," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(11), pages 5383-5389.
    12. repec:ris:invreg:0361 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Li, Linwei & Jiang, Feifei & Pei, Yunlong & Jiang, Nengqian, 2017. "Entrepreneurial orientation and strategic alliance success: The contingency role of relational factors," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 46-56.
    14. Jean-Christophe Gessler, 2016. "Les pratiques collaboratives des PME en vue de leur développement international : une revue de littérature," Post-Print hal-01393156, HAL.

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