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Network Resources for Internationalization: The Case of Taiwan's Electronics Firms

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  • Tain-Jy Chen

Abstract

This paper illustrates foreign direct investment (FDI) as the management of important network relations, using Taiwan's electronics firms as an example. Through FDI, seemingly small and weak firms propel the process of internationalization by making maximum use of external resources to which they have access. FDI often starts at a location close to the home base where support from the domestic networks can be drawn, subsequently moving on to more distant locations after investors have accumulated new network resources. The location chosen is usually an area rich in network resources or in close proximity to such rich networks. FDI enables the investors to construct a regional, or even global, sub-network under their control to supply a set of wide-ranging, differentiated and low-cost products in a flexible fashion, and sometimes within close proximity to the markets. With this capacity for versatility, investors become valuable partners for multinational firms that offer global services. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2003.

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  • Tain-Jy Chen, 2003. "Network Resources for Internationalization: The Case of Taiwan's Electronics Firms," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(5), pages 1107-1130, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jomstd:v:40:y:2003:i:5:p:1107-1130
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    Cited by:

    1. Boehe, Dirk Michael, 2011. "Exploiting the liability of foreignness: Why do service firms exploit foreign affiliate networks at home?," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 15-29, March.
    2. Masud Chand & Rosalie Tung, 2014. "Bicultural identity and economic engagement: An exploratory study of the Indian diaspora in North America," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 763-788, September.
    3. repec:spr:manint:v:48:y:2008:i:6:d:10.1007_s11575-008-0104-y is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Brian T. McCann & Timothy B. Folta, 2009. "Demand- and Supply-Side Agglomerations: Distinguishing between Fundamentally Different Manifestations of Geographic Concentration," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(3), pages 362-392, May.
    5. Musteen, Martina & Francis, John & Datta, Deepak K., 2010. "The influence of international networks on internationalization speed and performance: A study of Czech SMEs," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 197-205, July.
    6. Ciravegna, Luciano & Majano, Sara B. & Zhan, Ge, 2014. "The inception of internationalization of small and medium enterprises: The role of activeness and networks," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(6), pages 1081-1089.
    7. Yuan, Lin & Pangarkar, Nitin & Wu, Jie, 2016. "The interactive effect of time and host country location on Chinese MNCs’ performance: An empirical investigation," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 331-342.
    8. Huarng, Kun-Huang & Mas-Tur, Alicia, 2016. "Turning Kurt Lewin on his head: Nothing is so theoretical as a good practice," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(11), pages 4725-4731.
    9. Ma, Xufei & Yiu, Daphne W. & Zhou, Nan, 2014. "Facing global economic crisis: Foreign sales, ownership groups, and corporate value," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 87-100.
    10. A. Heirman & B.T Clarysse & V. Van Den Haute, 2003. "How and Why Do Firms Differ at Start-Up? A Resource-Based Configurational Perspective," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 03/198, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    11. Liu, Yunshi & Ahlstrom, David & Yeh, Kuang S., 2006. "The separation of ownership and management in Taiwan's public companies: An empirical study," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 415-435, August.
    12. Mukherjee Subhasree & Dhayanithy Deepak, 2017. "Effect of Inter-organizational Network on TMT – Entry Mode Choice relationship," Working papers 246, Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode.
    13. Gupta, Suraksha & Malhotra, Naresh K. & Czinkota, Michael & Foroudi, Pantea, 2016. "Marketing innovation: A consequence of competitiveness," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(12), pages 5671-5681.
    14. Liu, Bih Jane, 2011. "MNEs and Local Linkages: Evidence from Taiwanese Affiliates," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 633-647, April.
    15. Masahisa Fujita & Nobuaki Hamaguchi, 2011. "Regional Integration of Production Systems and Spatial Income Disparities in East Asia," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Integration, Volume II, chapter 11 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    16. Azmeh, Shamel & Nadvi, Khalid, 2013. "‘Greater Chinese’ global production networks in the Middle East: the rise of the Jordanian garment industry," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 56409, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    17. Hatani, Faith & McGaughey, Sara L., 2013. "Network cohesion in global expansion: An evolutionary view," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 48(4), pages 455-465.
    18. Rong, Ke & Wu, Jinxi & Shi, Yongjiang & Guo, Liang, 2015. "Nurturing business ecosystems for growth in a foreign market: Incubating, identifying and integrating stakeholders," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 293-308.

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