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FDI, Social Ties and Technological Learning in New Silicon Valley Clones. Evidence from the Costa Rican ICT Cluster


  • Luciano Ciravegna


This study, based on qualitative evidence collected through 150 interviews with local entrepreneurs, multinational corporations (MNC) directors, and other actors, contributes to the understanding of the effects of foreign direct investment (FDI) by showing that the social ties of local entrepreneurs and MNC directors affect technological learning in the Costa Rican information and communication technologies (ICT) cluster in ways that are often overlooked by the literature on technological capabilities. It illustrates that the social disembeddedness of MNC directors and the low endowment of transnational social ties of local entrepreneurs contribute to explain the limited effect of FDI on technological learning in the Costa Rican Silicon Valley clone.

Suggested Citation

  • Luciano Ciravegna, 2011. "FDI, Social Ties and Technological Learning in New Silicon Valley Clones. Evidence from the Costa Rican ICT Cluster," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(8), pages 1178-1198, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:47:y:2011:i:8:p:1178-1198
    DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2010.547935

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John H. Dunning & Sarianna M. Lundan, 2008. "Multinational Enterprises and the Global Economy, Second Edition," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 3215.
    2. Narula, Rajneesh & Marin, Anabel, 2003. "FDI spillovers, absorptive capacities and human capital development: evidence from Argentina," Research Memorandum 018, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
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    Cited by:

    1. Ciravegna, Luciano & Majano, Sara B. & Zhan, Ge, 2014. "The inception of internationalization of small and medium enterprises: The role of activeness and networks," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(6), pages 1081-1089.
    2. repec:eee:iburev:v:27:y:2018:i:6:p:1200-1212 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ana Paula Lisboa Sohn & Filipa Dionísio Vieira & Nelson Casarotto Filho & Idaulo José Cunha & Paula Regina Zarelli, 2016. "Knowledge Transmission in Industrial Clusters: Evidence from EuroClusTex," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(3), pages 511-529, March.

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