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Born global or born regional? Evidence from an exploratory study in the Costa Rican software industry

  • Luis E Lopez

    (INCAE, Graduate School of Business, Alajuela, Costa Rica)

  • Sumit K Kundu

    (College of Business Administration, Florida International University, Miami, USA)

  • Luciano Ciravegna

    ([1] INCAE, Graduate School of Business, Alajuela, Costa Rica[2] London School of Economics, London UK)

This paper provides empirical evidence about born-global firms in the software industry of a small developing country with an open economy: Costa Rica. The paper is based on data collected through interviews with CEOs or founders of 40 Costa Rican software companies. Findings show that there are few born-global firms among Costa Rican software providers. We find that most companies followed a gradual approach to internationalization, and they did not export immediately upon birth. A careful analysis of firms that exported soon after they were born reveals that most firms are actually “born regional.”

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Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal Journal of International Business Studies.

Volume (Year): 40 (2009)
Issue (Month): 7 (September)
Pages: 1228-1238

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Handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:40:y:2009:i:7:p:1228-1238
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