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Macroenvironmental determinants of operational loss severity

Author

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  • Cope, Eric W.
  • Piche, Mark T.
  • Walter, John S.

Abstract

We investigate the relationships between the severity of operational loss events reported in the banking sector and various regulatory, legal, geographical, and economic indicators. Based on a data sample of over 57,000 losses incurred in more than 130 countries reported by the Operational Riskdata eXchange (ORX) consortium, we identify the most relevant exposure indicators for losses in four Basel II event categories: Internal Fraud; External Fraud; Employment Practices and Workplace Safety; and Clients, Products and Business Practices. We find evidence of significant correlations between Internal Fraud and constraints on executive power and the prevalence of insider trading. Clients, Products and Business Practices losses are significantly related to securities and shareholder protection laws, restrictions on banking activity, supervisory power, and the prevalence of insider trading. Other event types are sensitive to per-capita GDP and a governance index.

Suggested Citation

  • Cope, Eric W. & Piche, Mark T. & Walter, John S., 2012. "Macroenvironmental determinants of operational loss severity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 1362-1380.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:36:y:2012:i:5:p:1362-1380
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2011.11.022
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rafael Porta & Florencio Lopez-De-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer, 2006. "What Works in Securities Laws?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 61(1), pages 1-32, February.
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    5. Dahen, Hela & Dionne, Georges, 2010. "Scaling models for the severity and frequency of external operational loss data," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1484-1496, July.
    6. Paul Povel & Rajdeep Singh & Andrew Winton, 2007. "Booms, Busts, and Fraud," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 20(4), pages 1219-1254.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhou, Xiaoping & Durfee, Antonina V. & Fabozzi, Frank J., 2016. "On stability of operational risk estimates by LDA: From causes to approaches," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 266-278.
    2. Anna Chernobai & Ali Ozdagli & Jianlin Wang, 2018. "Business Complexity and Risk Management: Evidence from Operational Risk Events in U.S. Bank Holding Companies," 2018 Meeting Papers 1146, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Curti, Filippo & Migueis, Marco, 2016. "Predicting Operational Loss Exposure Using Past Losses," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-2, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised 12 Oct 2016.
    4. Suren Pakhchanyan, 2016. "Operational Risk Management in Financial Institutions: A Literature Review," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(4), pages 1-21, October.
    5. Chernobai, Anna & Ozdagli, Ali K. & Wang, Jianlin, 2016. "Business complexity and risk management: evidence from operational risk events in U. S. bank holding companies," Working Papers 16-16, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Operational risk; Regulation; Basel II;

    JEL classification:

    • K20 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - General
    • K22 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Business and Securities Law

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